Hellenic dating

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[LORE] Hassan's Return Home

2020.10.13 00:23 globalwp [LORE] Hassan's Return Home

It was winter in Palestine as the Palestinian people began preparations for the Christmas Holidays. Despite Christians forming a minority in the country, several Muslims give gifts to their christian neighbors during this occasion which is considered to be a time of celebration and break. The winter season typically sees a decrease in work as people begin to unwind and take time off for the holidays.
The Odeh family was preparing their decorations at their house. This would be the 10th Christmas that their father and husband Hassan would remain deployed and at war. First in the war of Palestinian Liberation, and then in the Hargeisa Coalition war. Little did they know that they would receive a special knock on the door that same day.
Hassan's youngest and only child Khalil, no older than 12 years old, was the first to answer the door.
"Daddy!!? Is that you?"
The family rushed to embrace the returning soldier that had just been sent back in time for Christmas to celebrate it with his family. He had not seen his youngest child grow, and missed his formative years. Khalil had largely been raised by his uncle and his mother, with aid from the state. After years of war, he could finally see an era of peace.
The Odehs decided to celebrate his safe return from service by holding a large Christmas feast and inviting their neighbors, the Masry and the Moshe families. The group got together around a large dinner table and enjoyed special delicacies found in Matrouh, largely traditional Levantine foods with the same traditions dating back thousands of years. The families discussed all sorts of topics including the ongoing wars, the improvement in Matrouh since they left, and the family members they know that were deployed and havent seen their families in a long time. As the night drew to a close, the radio playing traditional music at the side suddenly changed.
"BREAKING NEWS"
"We interrupt this program to bring you breaking news. The Hellenic Republic has officially declared war on the Sultanate of Najd. The Sultanate which has repressed its people and violently put down a student led pro-democracy protest has admitted to abducting hajj pilgrims. As their Sultan refuses to share his wealth with the people, he is instead preparing his armies for war and will soon march on the UAF if not stopped. The UAF is thus in the process of mobilizing its armies to protect the nation from those who wish to destroy it and those who use religion to gain wealth at the expense of the workers. Long live Matrouh! Long Live the UAF!"
Hassan let out a loud sigh and said but one word.
"Fuck, not again"
submitted by globalwp to PostWorldPowers [link] [comments]


2020.10.07 06:58 StevenStevens43 King Art Oenfer III & the barbarica conspiratio

King Art Oenfer III & the barbarica conspiratio
King Art Oenfer & Son:
In this article, i will be looking in to some more of Geoffrey of Monmouth's claims, and the criticisms against him.
However there is crucial information in a previous article i wrote, which should be read first, before coming back to read this one.
I shall leave the link below.
King Art Oenfer & Son <<<< Link for article
Link for photo
King Arthur
Art Oenfer III:
Now i will begin this article with Geoffrey's first claim.
He claims that the legendary Octavius is the same person as the legendary Eudaf Hen in Welsh tradition.
He also claims that Octavius was a direct answer of King Arthur.
But that is why you need to read the article i linked to, in order to understand how this may actually be Art Oenfer.
Eudaf Hen
Eudaf Hen (Eudaf "the Old") is a figure of Welsh tradition. He is remembered as a King of the Britons and the father of Elen Luyddog and Conan Meriadoc in sources such as the Welsh prose tale The Dream of Macsen Wledig and Geoffrey of Monmouth's Latin chronicle Historia Regum Britanniae. He also figures into Welsh genealogies. Geoffrey of Monmouth calls him Octavius, a corruption and faux-Latinization of Old Welsh/Breton Outham (later spelled Eudaf).[1] According to the medieval Welsh genealogy from Mostyn MS. 117, Eudaf was a direct ancestor of King Arthur.
Octavius:
Geoffrey also claims that Octavius is the half brother of Constantine I.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Geoffrey of Monmouth, in his Historia Regum Britanniae, renders the name in pseudo-Latin form as Octavius and introduces him as a half-brother to Constantine I,
Link for photo
Constantine the Great
Helen:
However, as Constantine I was already mentioned by Geoffrey of Monmouth as being the son of Constantinius and Helen, it is very doubtful that the exact same author is going to attribute the exact same story to Constantinius's son.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
[50] and Geoffrey of Monmouth repeated the claim in his 1136 History of the Kings of Britain. Geoffrey related that Constantius was sent to Britain by the Senate after Asclepiodotus (here a British king) was overthrown by Coel of Colchester. Coel submitted to Constantius and agreed to pay tribute to Rome, but died only eight days later. Constantius married his daughter Helena and became king of Britain.
Constans I:
Quite simply, i think historians and scholars have gotten mixed up with one of the sons of Constantine the Great, Constans I, who is of course, also a Constantine.
Constans I
Flavius Julius Constans (c. 320 – 350) was Roman emperor from 337 to 350. He defeated his brother Constantine II) in 340, but anger in the army over his personal life (homosexuality) and favouritism towards his barbarian bodyguards led the general Magnentius to rebel, resulting in the assassination of Constans in 350.
Link for photo
Constans I
Fausta:
Constans I is the son of Constantine the Great, to his second wife Fausta.
Career
Constans was probably born in 320.[1] He was the third and youngest son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, his father's second wife.[3]
Fausta
By (User:Mbzt), 2012, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18368658
Crispus:
And he has a half Brother named Crispus, from Constantine the Great's first marraige, to Minervina.
Early life
Crispus's year and place of birth are uncertain. He is considered likely to have been born between 299 and 305, possibly as early as 295, somewhere in the eastern Roman Empire. The earliest date is most likely, since he was being tutored in 309–310 by Lactantius.[2] His mother Minervina was either a concubine or a first wife to Constantine.
Link for photo.png)
Coin of Crispus
Execution:
However, both Fausta and Crispus were executed by Constantine the great.
The reason for this is thought to be because Crispus was having an affair with Fausta.
Execution
In 326, Fausta was put to death by Constantine, following the execution of Crispus, his eldest son by Minervina. The circumstances surrounding the two deaths were unclear. Various explanations have been suggested; in one, Fausta is set jealously against Crispus, as in the anonymous Epitome de Caesaribus,[2] or conversely her adultery, perhaps with the stepson who was close to her in age, is suggested.
Damnatio memoriae:
Therefore, the reason historians and scholars have no records of a line-age descended from this half brother relationship between Constans I & Crispus, is because Constantine the Great took out a Damnatio memoriae, which wiped Crispus and Fausta from the history records.
However he also took the Damnatio memoriae out on Crispus's wife Helena and their Son, who's name we do not even know, because they were deleted from official documents.
There is however nothing to suggest that Helena and her son, were also executed.
Execution
Crispus, his wife Helena and their son also suffered damnatio memoriae, meaning their names were never mentioned again and deleted from all official documents and monuments. The eventual fate of Helena and her son is a mystery.
Caesarion:
So, just like Caesarion, son of Julius Caesar, and the last Egyptian pharoah and the rightful heir to the Roman throne, was murdered by Octavian to prevent him becoming Roman emperor, the son of Helena, whos memory and existence is written out of records, is actually the rightful heir to the Roman throne, being the only son of Constantine the Great's first son.
Caesarion
Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar (Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαῖος, Ptolemaĩos; 23 June 47 BC – 23 August 30 BC),[1] better known by the nickname Caesarion (Καισαρίων Caesariō), was the last pharaoh of ancient Egypt, reigning with his mother Cleopatra from 2 September 44 BC until her death by 12 August 30 BC, and as sole ruler until his death was ordered by Octavian, the later Roman emperor Augustus.
Link for photo
Caesarion
Pro-consul:
So what about this claim from Geoffrey, that Constantine was made Roman emperor requiring him to leave Britain in the hands of a proconsul?
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Eventually Constantine is made Roman Emperor, requiring him to leave Britain in the hands of a proconsul. Octavius (Eudaf Hen), rebels against Roman rule, killing the proconsul and proclaiming himself king.
Constantinian dynasty:
Well quite simply, from the 290's AD, right up until the date of June 363 AD, the British high kingship has been held by the Constantines in one form or other.
Whether it be Constantine. Constans. Constantinius.
Until the death of Julian Constantius, Britain had been in the hands of the Constantinian dynasty.
Julian#Early_life)
Julian[i]#citenote-3) (Latin: Flavius Claudius Julianus; Greek: Ἰουλιανὸς, Ioulianòs; 331 – 26 June 363) was Roman emperor from 361 to 363, as well as a notable philosopher and author in Greek.[[3]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian(emperor)#citenote-4) His rejection of Christianity, and his promotion of Neoplatonic Hellenism in its place, caused him to be remembered as Julian the Apostate by the Christian Church.[[4]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian(emperor)#citenote-gibbon-5)[[5]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian(emperor)#cite_note-6)
A member of the Constantinian dynasty,
Link for photo#/media/File:Iulianus_Flavius_Claudius._Giuliano_l'Apostata.jpg)
Julian Constantius
Saxonici Nectaridus & Fullofaudes:
So this consul can only be one of two people.
Emperor Valentinian I's senior military officer's. Saxonici Nectaridus, and Fullofaudes.
The great conspiracy
In 367, Valentinian received reports from Britain that a combined force of Picts, Attacotti and Scots had killed the Comes litoris Saxonici Nectaridus and Dux Britanniarum Fullofaudes.
Link for photo
Valentinian I
Trahern:
Now, according to words attributed to Geoffrey, Constantine (who must be valentinius) responds by sending by sending troops under the command of his great uncle Trehern.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Constantine responds by sending three legions to Britain under the command of his great-uncle Trahern, the brother of the late King Coel.
Count Theodosius the Elder:
This can only be the person that has replaced the assassinated British military governors, Count Theodosius the Elder.
Count Theodosius
Flavius Theodosius (died 376), known as Count Theodosius (Latin: Comes) or Theodosius the Elder, was a senior military officer serving Emperor Valentinian I and the Western Roman Empire. His son was the Emperor Theodosius I. He was granted the title of Comes Rei Militaris per Britanniarum (Commander of the Troops of the Diocese of the Britains)
Flavius Octavius:
Now, rather surprisingly, and very interestingly, Theodosius's ancestry does actually appear to recognise Octavius as his nephew, and Flavius Constantinus as Octavius's cousin.
Theodosiuses relatives and near relatives
Nephews: Flavius Magnus Maximus Augustus / Flavius Octavius / Flavius Constantinus
Empress Justina:
And if you are wondering why this is, it is because they are all closely related, through Roman empress, and wife of Valentinian I, Justina.
In fact, Timothy Barnes claims that Justina could be Octavius's daughter.
If that were true, then Flavias Octavius Constantine would be Valentinian I's father in law.
Family#Family)
Justina (c. 340 – c. 388) was the second wife of the Roman Emperor Valentinian I (reigned 364–375) and the mother of Valentinian II (reigned 375–392), Galla), Grata and Justa.
An unnamed sister was mentioned by Ammianus Marcellinus as mother of Maximus), praefectus urbi of Rome under Julian the Apostate.[4]#cite_note-PLRE1-4)
Although Timothy Barnes has theorised that Justina was a granddaughter or great-granddaughter of Crispus through her unnamed mother[3]#citenote-Noel_Emmanuel_Lenski_2002_page_103-3)[[5]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justina(empress)#citenote-geocities.com-5) (Crispus was the only son of Constantine I and Minervina),[[6]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justina(empress)#citenote-6) it seems more probable that she was in fact the granddaughter of Julius Constantius, son of Constantius Chlorus and half-brother of Constantine the Great. Justina's mother was probably a daughter of Julius Constantius and his first wife, the aforementioned Galla). Hence, this makes Justina at the heart of the family connexions between the dynasties of the Constantines, the Valentinians and the Theodosians.[[7]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justina(empress)#cite_note-7)
War:
So what evidence is there to support the claim that Octavius has gotten in to a war with his uncle Theodosius, and alleged Son in law?
As alleged by Geoffrey, below.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Trahern lands at "Kaerperis" and captures it, forcing Octavius to conscript all the island into the army to combat the Roman legions. Octavius engages Trahern in a field outside Winchester and is victorious.
Maximus:
Well, to begin with, there is the son of Justina's sister, Maximus, as i copied and pasted two quotes above.
Maximus has a brother in law named Valentinus who has committed a horrendous crime and was sent in to exile in Britain were he appears to have gotten himself engaged in Octavius's revolt and Count Theodosius the Elder is attempting to put it down.
Trials#Trials)
In 369 AD, Maximinus' brother in law, Valentinus) committed an unrecorded but very serious crime. Maximinus was able to have Valentinus' sentence commuted from execution to exile and he was sent to Britain where he began planning a revolt that had to be put down by Count Theodosius.
King Gunbert:
The next part of Geoffrey's history has Trahern/Theodosius defeat Ovtavius in Alba, and Octavius flees to an ally in Norway.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Trahern flees to Alba (Scotland) and pillages the land, and Octavius comes after him. They meet at Westmorland, and Octavius was defeated and forced out of Britain. Trahern takes the crown himself, while Octavius seeks aid from King Gunbert of Norway.
Ermanaric empire:
Well, a likely Scandinavian king for Octavius to run to would be Ermanaric.
The Gothic Alexander with an empire that is crushing the Romans already.
Not to mention the likely coincidental 100% anagram of the word American.
Historical Ermanaric
According to Jordanes' Getica, Ermanaric ruled the realm of Oium. He describes him as a "Gothic Alexander" who "ruled all the nations of Scythia and Germania as they were his own".
House of Amal:
And Ermanaric is leader of the house of Amal, which was set up to oppose the Roman empire.
And from Theodemir, to Theodahad, the name "Theo" has been the most prominant name throughout the quite long history of the Ermanaric empire.
History
The Amali – also called Amals, Amalings or Amalungs – were a leading dynasty of the Goths, a Germanic people who confronted the Roman Empire during the decline of the Western Roman Empire.[1] They eventually became the royal house of the Ostrogoths and founded the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy.[2]
The Amali remained a prominent family as the Greuthungi evolved into the Ostrogoths, became vassals of the Huns and moved west. In 453, the Ostrogoths regained their independence under the Amali, Theodemir). According to Jordanes,
Barbarica conspirato:
Now this brings me to the Great conspiracy.
The great conspiracy
The Great Conspiracy was a year-long state of war and disorder that occurred in Roman Britain near the end of the Roman rule of the island. The historian Ammianus Marcellinus described it as a barbarica conspiratio
Link for photo
Raids in to Northern Gaul
The great conspiracy:
In the year 367 AD Picts from Caledonia, invaded Northern Gaul from the North of Hadrians wall.
Joined by Attacotti, and Hibernians from Wales, Cornwall and Ireland respectively, and Saxons and Franks landing in Northern Gaul from Southern Gaul, in what appears to have been a highly co-ordinated military campaign.
The conspiracy
In the winter of 367, the Roman garrison on Hadrian's Wall rebelled, and allowed Picts from Caledonia to enter Britannia. Simultaneously, Attacotti, the Scotti from Hibernia, and Saxons from Germania landed in what might have been coordinated and pre-arranged[citation needed] waves on the island's mid-western and southeastern borders, respectively. Franks and Saxons also landed in northern Gaul.
Northern Gaul:
Valentinian I, fearing losing Northern Gaul altogether, made his way to the island of Britain.
The great conspiracy
At the same time, Frankish and Saxon forces were raiding the coastal areas of northern Gaul. The empire was in the midst of the Great Conspiracy – and was in danger of losing control of Britain altogether. Valentinian set out for Britain, sending Comes domesticorum Severus ahead of him to investigate. Severus was not able to correct the situation and returned to Gaul,
Niall Noígíallach:
The Hibernian raids were probably led by Niall of the nine hostages Noigiallach, who is said to have taken Saint Patrick hostage during one of his raids on Romano-Britain.
Death
Keating, quoting a Latin Life of Saint Patrick, says that Niall led Irish raids on Roman Britain, and in one of those raids Patrick and his sisters were abducted.
Link for photo-_stained_glass,_Saint_Patrick-_detail.jpg)
Saint Patrick
Patrick's confessions:
And this is written in Patrick's confessions.
Life
According to the Confession of Saint Patrick, at the age of sixteen he was captured by a group of Irish pirates.[35] They took him to Ireland where he was enslaved and held captive for six years. Patrick writes in the Confession[35]
Link for photo,_August_2009.JPG)
Saint Patrick's historic district
Crimthann Mor:
And the Caledonians likely by Crimthann Mor.
Crimthann mac Fidaig
Crimthann Mór, son of Fidach /ˈkriːvən ˈmɔːr mæk ˈfiːaɪ/, also written Crimthand Mór, was a semi-mythological king of Munster and High King of Ireland of the 4th century. He gained territory in Britain and Gaul, but died poisoned by his sister Mongfind. It is possible that he was also recognised as king of Scotland.
Dind tradui:
Crimthann Mor is credited with building a fortress in Cornwall, named Dind tradui.
Dind tradui
Crimthand Mór mac Fidaig built a great fortress in Cornwall known as Dind Traduí or Dinn Tradui (Dun Tredui/e, fortress of the three ramparts).[4] There appears to be little doubt that it existed,[5]
Link for photo
Cornish harbour thought to have been used as an Irish port
Saxons:
The Saxons are likely led by Sachell balb, Nialls Father in law.
Eochaid Mugmedon
According to the saga "The Adventures of the Sons of Eochaid Mugmedon",[3] he is said to have had two wives: Mongfind, daughter of Fidach, who bore him four sons, Brion), Ailill, Fiachrae and Fergus; and Cairenn Chasdub, daughter of Sachell Balb, king of the Saxons, who bore him his most famous son, Niall.
Wales & Cornwall:
The Hibernians likely used Wales and Cornwall to invade Northern Gaul.
Irish settlement
It was at this time[32] that Wales received an infusion of settlers from southern Ireland, the Uí Liatháin, Laigin, and possibly Déisi,[33][34][35] the last no longer seen as certain, with only the first two verified by reliable sources and place-name evidence. The Irish were concentrated along the southern and western coasts, in Anglesey and Gwynedd (excepting the cantrefi of Arfon and Arllechwedd), and in the territory of the Demetae.
The circumstances of their arrival are unknown, and theories include categorising them as "raiders", as "invaders"
Link for photo
Irish settlements
Valentia:
The initial end result was not good for the Brits.
The Romans actually managed to do something that no other emperor before Valentinius had been able to do, and that was conquer Caledonia.
In memory to Valentinus the defeated rebel, Caledonia was renamed Valentia.
The great conspiracy
In 369, Theodosius set about reconquering the areas north of London; putting down the revolt of Valentinus), the brother-in-law of a vicarius, Maximinus). Subsequently, Theodosius restored the rest of Britain to the empire and rebuilt many fortifications – renaming northern Britain 'Valentia)'.
Alamanni:
With that resolved, Valentinian I turned his attentions to defeating the Alamanni (Amal dynasty).
The great conspiracy
Severus and Jovinus were to accompany the emperor on his campaign against the Alamanni.
Trahern death:
The only problem is, Geoffrey had said that Trahern gets killed by Octavius's allies, allowing Octavius to reassume the Alba throne.
So what happened?
Geoffrey of Monmouth
In Britain, supporters of Octavius ambush Trahern and kill him near London, allowing Octavius to return to Britain.
November 17, 375 ad:
Well the first to go would be Valentinian I, when during a heated argument with some Alamanni, he burst a blood vessel in his skull.
Valentinian I
The attitude of the envoys so enraged Valentinian that he suffered a burst blood vessel in the skull while angrily yelling at them, provoking his death[44] on November 17, 375.
Days later:
Next to go was Theodosius.
Magister
.[17] In 375, when Emperor Valentinian suddenly died, Theodosius was still in Africa. Orders arrived for Theodosius to be arrested; he was taken to Carthage, and put to death in early 376. The reasons for this are not clear, but it is thought to have resulted from a factional power struggle in Italy after the sudden death of Emperor Valentinian in November 375.
Helen:
Now yet again we have a Helen.
This time it is Geoffrey of Monmouth stating that Octavius has agreed in 383 AD to allow his daughter Helen to marry Roman emperor Magnus Maximus.
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Eventually, Caradocus, Duke of Cornwall, suggests that Octavius marry his only daughter Helen to the new Roman Emperor, Maximianus (Magnus Maximus), thereby uniting the British and Roman crowns. Octavius agrees, and Caradocus' son Mauricius is sent to Rome with the proposal.
Magnus Maximus:
So what is the truth in this?
Well Maximus is credited with freeing Wales.
Role in Breton and British rule
Maximus's bid for imperial power in 383 coincides with the last date for any evidence of a Roman military presence in Wales,
Link for photo_A_king,_possibly_Magnus_Maximus,_holding_a_sceptre.jpg)
Magnus Maximus
Magnus's wife:
Unfortunately this is one claim that can neither easily be verified, nor contradicted, as quite simply, his family was massacred, and nothing is known regarding who his wife was.
Though, he did have a wife, apparently.
Fate of family
What exactly happened to Maximus's family after his downfall is not recorded. He is known to have had a wife, who is recorded as having sought spiritual counsel from St. Martin of Tours
Niall death:
In 395 ad it is thought that Niall lost his life during a raid on Romano Britain.
Death
Byrne suggests that Niall's death took place during a raid on Roman Britain.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.10.05 08:30 FocusMyView Has anyone explored the idea of the Prime Mover concept as being a starting point for such an all powerful being as the Torah's monotheistic God?

What does methodological naturalism have to say about the development of Monotheism? How does a Hellenic dating of the Torah and Hebrew Bible impact the timeline of monotheism?
submitted by FocusMyView to AcademicBiblical [link] [comments]


2020.10.02 00:48 neke86 Techniche (ASX:TCN)

TLDR: Cloud, IOT, Network Monitoring, Asset Monitoring; business has sticky annually recurring revenue, lots of cash, and is developing a whole new product line; demonstrated addressable markets include Banking, Finance, Logistics, Telecommunications, Mixed Industrials, Defence, Manufacturing, Aged Care, Oil & Gas, Fuel Retail.
The following was compiled after reading the statutory financial reports for FY18-FY20, and conducting multiple phone calls with Techniche's StatSeeker staff and senior KPM.
The following is not a buy recommendation but rather a presentation of facts about TCN. I have presented numbers/estimates only for my neutral outlook case (explained more at the bottom).
I own a tiny parcel from $0.045.
SOI: 210.72m MC: ~9.48m @ $0.045 EV: ~5.50m (MC - Avail. Cash + Current Liabilities) Revenue: $10.83m incl. $9.59m ARR (FY20 Actual)
EV/Revenue: x0.46 (FY21 est.) EV/EBITDA: x2.39 (FY21 est.) EV/NPAT: x5.50 (FY21 est.) EPS: FY21 neutral estimate of 0.57c per share (PE x7.9) The neutral outlook figures are explained at the bottom.
TCN have two existing product lines (Urgent and StatSeeker) and a third in alpha testing (ADAPTS). These product lines generate annually recurring subscription revenue (90% of revenue), and a smaller amount of services and consulting revenue (<10%). They also generate diminishing Software sales as perpetual licenses are moved to the existing subscription model.
Urgent is a facilities and asset management and optimisation platform. It is primarily in use in petrol stations (TCN calls them "fuel and convenience") and allows for traditional asset management, meaning: "What do I have turned on where, and is it still working?". Gets contractors on site quickly to fix things. TCN have the global contract for BP. While this isn't very sexy, they have some big badges on their customer page (BP, Shell, Caltex, and a few others quite large outside AU/UK/US like Hellenic). While fossil fuels aren't exactly a favoured industry at the moment, TCN is offering site optimisation, and therefore one of the services in the industry helping them squeeze profit out of their sites. Urgent makes up slightly less than 50% of the revenue stream.
StatSeeker is the more interesting product offering. StatSeeker is a network monitoring solution that sits astride otherwise open source technology (J-Flow and sFlow) to provide a scalable and up to date view of networked assets. The fact the flow technology is open source is not a negative, because anyone using them must still come up with an in-house solution or SIEM to view the monitoring data. StatSeeker is the product for that, and is currently being used by a wide variety of clients that seems to demonstrate it's an industry agnostic solution: AT&T, BNP Paribas, Walmart, Optus, Wesfarmers, Coles, Kmart, Fedex, and more. The scaling opportunities here are significant if the management team can find a way to sell into the headwinds of COVID19 affecting trade shows and traditional selling methods.
StatSeekers main competitive advantage is the granularity and high availability of the data. This matters because it means the data can be interrogated to answer detailed questions, so it is important if you are performing root-cause analysis on a downtime issue, or organising a maintenance ticket.
It can be deployed either to the Cloud (several customers currently using AWS) or as a tightly controlled read-only on-premise solution (Defence and Banking customers). This cloud option allows for significant scalability and flexibility if data sovereignty isn't an issue.
Personnel costs are spread evenly across the products; R&D spend is also spread and none of it needed capitalising in the last few financial years. R&D is how they're categorising the work that goes into constantly improving both products with regularly available updates and a feature delivery lifecycle.
ADAPTS is the new product line they are alpha trialling with un-named customers (one in the fuel-site side of things, one or more US-based nursing homes, and possibly a light manufacturer) and it seems like a combination of the two existing products intended to increase the capability of the offering to include asset discovery, uptime checking, performance monitoring, and "tailored surveillance" which is their way of shoe-horning a security element into it.

INVESTMENT THESES (STATSEEKER & ADAPTS)
Management with significant experience and skin in the game are completing a multi-year transition that has just had it's first profitable year post transition, and we should see TCN push further into the network monitoring space with a combination of StatSeeker and their alpha product, ADAPTS. If successful, the ADAPTS product looks like it will provide an avenue into new addressable market space not already captured by StatSeeker, and in industries not quite captured by Urgent.
The fact the suite is available both as a read-only on-premise setup or easily clouded means it can be used by Defence and Government as well as commercial industry. Further, the product seems to fill gaps in, and address specific needs in, the net flow monitoring market rather than trying to compete with larger incumbents like PRTG, Cisco, Solarwinds etc. Being complementary to these products has helped them maintain sticky annually recurring revenue.
The company is well capitalised ($4.3m cash available), cashflow positive, and trying innovation. I've invested on the calculated expectation that:
  1. Mgmt will utilise their ~$4m cash other than directly returning it to shareholders through development of ADAPTS, and
  2. URGENT sales continue their slow but profitable and highly sticky organic growth, and
  3. STATSEEKER continues to be sold into new use-cases and experiences continued sticky organic growth, and
  4. ADAPTS has successful customer trials throughout the coming months, and becomes either a completely new revenue stream that taps into the huge and expanding need to provide total asset monitoring and control solutions to the IOT market. This is really what I'm putting my money on, that ADAPTS leverages the existing market knowledge to create a better product with a much, much larger addressable market space.

NUMBERS UNDERLYING THE ABOVE
My 'neutral outlook' FY21 estimates:
!!! This assumes only 8% growth, no major new customers, !!! continued diminishing SW sales as planned, with less !!! Services revenue and no new revenues from ADAPTS.
FY21 Beginning ARR $ 9.9m FY21 8% Organic Growth $ 0.8m FY21 Services Lowball $ 1.0m FY21 Software Sales $ 0.3m FY21 Total $12.0m
FY21 Cost of Goods $ 2.8m FY21 OPEX $ 7.5m (incl. $3m R&D, increased S&M budget per MD statement)
FY21 EBITDA $ 1.7m (Neutral) FY21 NPAT $ 0.8m to $1.2m FY21 Op. Cashflow $ 2.0m to $3.0m (FY20 +$2.39m)
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2020.09.28 21:50 StevenStevens43 From Ptah to Peter

From Ptah to Peter
Pope Linus:
In this article i wish to go back to an article i wrote about Pope Linus, which should be available to read in the lobby.
I wish to investigate farther the modern concensus amongst modern historians and scholars that there is simply no evidence of Christians and Jews being persecuted by the Romans.
I want to investigate, and see if this dismissive opinion is even consitant with "contemporary" history and education, and i want to explore the nature of the environment Romans, Christians and Jews were living in at the time.
I also wish to study this from a Historical perspective as opposed to a religious perspective.
I will now begin with the claim made by historians.
Apparently, Pope Linus being executed by the Romans, cannot be proven, and is improbable.
I may also agree that it cannot be proven.
But, is it improbable?
This is what this article is going to explore.
Pope Linus
With respect to Linus' purported decree prescribing the covering of women's heads, J.P. Kirsch commented in the Catholic Encyclopedia that "without doubt this decree is apocryphal, and copied by the author of the Liber Pontificalis from Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians (11: 5) and arbitrarily attributed to the first successor of the Apostle in Rome. The statement made in the same source, that Linus suffered martyrdom, cannot be proved and is improbable.
Link for photo.jpg)
Pope Linus in the middle
Chrestus:
Now, in my previous article i already showed how Claudius expelled early Christians and Jews from Rome, and blamed a leader named "Chrestus" for the need to have to expel the rebels.
Religious reforms
It is also reported that at one time he expelled the Jews from Rome, probably because the Jews within the city caused continuous disturbances at the instigation of Chrestus.[b]
Link for photo_01.jpg)
Claudius
First Jewish war:
I also showed how early Roman historians such as Tacitus accused Nero of all kinds of atrocities against Christians and Jews.
Something that the modern day historians and scholars fail to mention, whilst dismissing the claims with six words, "there is no evidence of this".
Or perhaps even one word.
"Improbable".
Well, how improbable is it? During this very period, we had the first Jewish war, that Nero was "very much" part of.
First Jewish war
In 66, there was a Jewish revolt in Judea stemming from Greek and Jewish religious tension.[105] In 67, Nero dispatched Vespasian to restore order.[106] This revolt was eventually put down in 70, after Nero's death.[107] This revolt is famous for Romans breaching the walls of Jerusalem and destroying the Second Temple of Jerusalem.[108]
Link for photo
Christian woman martyred
Jewish-Roman war:
During this war "forty thousand Jews were killed".
I will leave out the claim were a total of 1 million Jews were thought to have lost their lives in this war, as that claim is contested by modern scholars and historians.
Judaea campaign
The history of the war was covered in detail by the Roman-Jewish historian Josephus in his work The War of the Jews. Josephus served as a commander in the city of Yodfat when the Roman army invaded Galilee in 67. After an exhausting siege which lasted 47 days, the city fell, with an estimated 40,000 killed. Titus, however, was not simply set on ending the war.[19]
Link for photo
Roman empire expansion
The Messiah:
There was also a belief amongst the early Jews that the real ruler of Judea would be a Messian.
Jewish roman war)
Josephus (as well as Tacitus), reporting on the conclusion of the Jewish war, reported a prophecy that around the time when Jerusalem and the Second Temple would be taken, a man from their own nation, viz. the Messiah, would become governor "of the habitable earth". Josephus interpreted the prophecy to denote Vespasian and his appointment as emperor in Judea.[13]
Link for photo
Vespasian the Messenian
Vespasian:
Obviously the Roman emperor Vespasian mistook this to mean him, as he is indeed believed to have been at least partially related to Messenians.
Family
espasian (born Titus Flavius Vespasianus, pronounced [ˈtɪtʊs ˈflaːwɪ.ʊs wɛspasɪˈaːnʊs]) was born in a village north-east of Rome called Falacrinae.[7] His family) was relatively undistinguished and lacking in pedigree. His paternal grandfather, Titus Flavius Petro, became the first to distinguish himself, rising to the rank of centurion and fighting at Pharsalus for Pompey in 48 BC. Subsequently, he became a debt collector.[8]
Petro's son, Titus Flavius Sabinus), worked as a customs) official in the province of Asia) and became a moneylender on a small scale among the Helvetii. He gained a reputation as a scrupulous and honest "tax-farmer)". Sabinus married up in status, to Vespasia Polla, whose father had risen to the rank of prefect of the camp and whose brother became a Senator.[8]
Link for photo#/media/File:RomanEmpire-Asia(125_AD).svg)
Asia minor
First Messenian war:
And of course Messenians were the indigenous Greeks before the Dorian invasion in to Greece from the North, and the troubles in this area caused by the first Messenian war would continue almost unabated right up until ancestors of the Messenians come along and begin reconquering Greece from the foreign Dorian descendants.
First Messenian war
The First Messenian War was a war between Messenia and Sparta. It began in 743 BC and ended in 724 BC, according to the dates given by Pausanias).
The war continued the rivalry between the Achaeans) and the Dorians that had been initiated by the purported Return of the Heracleidae. Both sides utilized an explosive incident to settle the rivalry by full-scale war. The war was prolonged into 20 years. The result was a Spartan victory. Messenia was depopulated by emigration of the Achaeans to other states. Those who did not emigrate were reduced socially to helots, or serfs. Their descendants were held in hereditary subjection for centuries until the Spartan state finally needed them for defense.
Dorian invasion
Dorian invasion
Crucifixion of Christus:
Whilst there is no evidence of any particular individual being crucified, there is however Roman accounts of a mass crucifixion of Jews surrounding the walls of Jerusalem.
Therefore, it would be common sense, that any rebel named Chrestus that was worthy of mention by a Roman emperor named Claudius, would likely have been crucified during this mass execution, if at-all.
Siege of Jerusalem
after attempts by Josephus to negotiate a surrender had failed, the Romans resumed hostilities and quickly breached the first and second walls of the city.[34] To intimidate the resistance, Titus ordered deserters from the Jewish side to be crucified around the city wall.[35] By then, time the Jews had been exhausted by famine, and when the weak third wall was breached, bitter street fighting ensued.[36]
Link for photo
Crucifixion
Pope Evaristus:
This brings me to another alleged martyr from 99 AD, Pope Evaristus.
Apparently, though, this claim can be dismissed in six words.
"There is no evidence of this".
Pope Evaristus
Pope Evaristus was the bishop of Rome from c. 99 to his death c. 107.[1][2] He was also known as Aristus. He is venerated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church,[3] the Catholic Church, and Oriental Orthodoxy. He is usually accorded the title of martyr; however, there is no confirmation of this. It is likely that he was the bishop of Rome when John the Apostle died, marking the end of the Apostolic Age.
Greek Jews:
Now, there may well be "no evidence of this", however Pope Evaristus was from a family of Greek Jews, which lived in Bethlehem.
He was not actually Roman.
He was descended from the early Jews that took the war in to Rome, and established their own base in Rome.
Biography
Little is known about Evaristus. According to the Liber Pontificalis, he came from a family of Greek Jews living in Bethlehem.[4]1602-4)
Conquest of Greece:
Now, the Romans conquering Greece, goes all the way back to the Antigonid period, which i have already covered in previous articles, and am not covering again.
But literally, the Roman empire was removing Gauls from the region, and returning the Messenians.
There was actually no problem with Greek Jews and Romans at this point in history.
Hellenstic period)
After a period of confusion following Alexander's death, the Antigonid dynasty, descended from one of Alexander's generals, established its control over Macedon and most of the Greek city-states by 276 BC.[50] From about 200 BC the Roman Republic became increasingly involved in Greek affairs and engaged in a series of wars with Macedon.[51] Macedon's defeat at the Battle of Pydna in 168 BC signalled the end of Antigonid power in Greece.[52] In 146 BC, Macedonia was annexed as a province by Rome, and the rest of Greece became a Roman protectorate.[51][53]
The process was completed in 27 BC when the Roman Emperor Augustus annexed the rest of Greece and constituted it as the senatorial province of Achaea).[53]
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Pre Roman Gaul
Jews rejected the Selucid empire:
In fact, during this period, the Jews themselves rejected the anti-roman rebels, in place of a Roman puppet king, and ally to Ptolomy, and the anti-roman rebel king was executed.
Though, some of the anti-roman freedom fighters led by the antiochuses were actually quite bad to the jews apparently, so there may be justification for rejecting the freedom fighters in place of a Roman client king.
Downfall and death
When the Roman senate heard that the Syrian kingdom kept more warships and elephants than allowed by the peace treaty of Apamea made in 188 BC, they sent a Roman embassy to travel along the cities of Syria and attempted to cripple Seleucid military power by sinking the Syrians' warships and hamstringing their elephants. Lysias dared do nothing to oppose the Romans, but his subservience so enraged his Syrian subjects that the Roman envoy Gnaeus Octavius (consul of 165 BC) was assassinated in Laodicea (162 BC).[6]
At this juncture Demetrius escaped from Rome and was received in Syria as the true king. Antiochus Eupator was soon put to death together with his protector Lysias).
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Antiochus V
Ptolemists:
In fact, during this period, the Jews would be regarded very much as Ptolemists, as the Ptolemists had a good relationship with the Romans, and were allies with the Romans.
Ptolemaid and Roman egypt
The Ptolemaic Kingdom was a powerful Hellenistic state, extending from southern Syria in the east, to Cyrene to the west, and south to the frontier with Nubia. Alexandria became the capital city and a centre of Greek culture and trade. To gain recognition by the native Egyptian populace, they named themselves as the successors to the Pharaohs. The later Ptolemies took on Egyptian traditions, had themselves portrayed on public monuments in Egyptian style and dress, and participated in Egyptian religious life.[34]
Allies:
Although the Romans and Ptomemies did have certain political differences, that they occasionally fell out over, they are both descended from Messenians and considered themselves allies.
Ptolemy v Epiphanes
Ptolemy V came of age in 196 BC and was crowned as Pharaoh in Memphis, an occasion commemorated by the creation of the Rosetta Stone. After this, he made peace with Antiochus III and married his daughter Cleopatra I in 194/3 BC. This disgusted the Romans who had entered into hostilities with Antiochus partially on Ptolemy's behalf
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Ptoloemy v Epiphanes coin
Cleopatra VII:
Now, the popular claim that Cleopatra was the last ever pharoah, is actually "false".
Ptolemaic and Roman egypt
The last ruler from the Ptolemaic line was Cleopatra VII,
Link for photo.jpg)
Real life portrait of Cleopatra VII
Caesarion:
In fact, the last Pharoah ever, was her 17 year old son, Caesarion, who was the illegitimate son of Julius Caesar, and rightful heir to the Roman throne, murdered by Octavian, Julius Caesars adopted son.
Caesarion
Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar (Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαῖος, Ptolemaĩos; 23 June 47 BC – 23 August 30 BC),[1] better known by the nickname Caesarion (Καισαρίων Caesariō), was the last pharaoh of ancient Egypt, reigning with his mother Cleopatra from 2 September 44 BC until her death by 12 August 30 BC, and as sole ruler until his death was ordered by Octavian, the later Roman emperor Augustus.
Caesarion was the eldest son of Cleopatra and possibly the only biological son of Julius Caesar, after whom he was named. He was the last sovereign member of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt.
Link for photo
Caesarion
Anti-Ptolemists:
Now, the native egyptians went on to become anti-ptolemists, as the Ptolemies were actually not that effected by the overthrow, they simply switched sides to the that of the Romans and left the Egyptians and Jews high and dry.
Ptolemaic and Roman egypt
The Ptolemies faced rebellions of native Egyptians often caused by an unwanted regime and were involved in foreign and civil wars that led to the decline of the kingdom and its annexation by Rome. Nevertheless, Hellenistic culture continued to thrive in Egypt well after the Muslim conquest.
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Native egyptian coat of Arms
Spread of Christianity to Egypt!!
Now, Christianity apparently arrived in Egypt at some point towards the end of the first century.
They actually were not all that well received.
Ptolemaic and Roman egypt
Christianity was brought to Egypt by Saint Mark the Evangelist in the 1st century.[36] Diocletian's reign (284–305 CE) marked the transition from the Roman to the Byzantine era in Egypt, when a great number of Egyptian Christians were persecuted.
Link for photo
Flag of Egypt
Peter:
Now, just think for a second why this might be!
To begin with, the first Jewish uprisings against the Romans only begin after the death of Caesarion, and the Romans taking full control and ownership of the lands from their previous "client kings".
The egyptian empire dates back to at least 3,500 BC.
Their last ever pharoah has just been executed and the Romans have conquered Egypt, and dissolved the Egyptian empire.
Did the Egyptians go down without a fight?
I should imagine a lot of Egyptians were also campaigning in Rome along with the Jews when the church of St Peter was established in Rome in 30 AD.
Saint Peter
Saint Peter[a] (r. AD 30;[2] died between AD 64 and 68[3]) also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ˈsaɪmən/ (📷listen)), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church.
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Tomb of Saint Peter
High priest of Ptah:
Now, for Christians that believe in Jesus, and wish to wake Egyptians up to how badly they have been treated by the Romans, and how their messiah was murdered by illegitimate Roman emperors that are usurping the real emperors of Judaea, there is just one problem.
Egyptians believed in Horus, and they already believed that both Egyptians and Jews were ripped off by the Romans, and the last ever pharoah was indeed murdered by illegitimate Roman emperors.
However there are a few differences in the belief.
To begin with, native Egyptian Horus believers likely believed that the campaign of St Ptah, was about re-establishing the old Priests of Ptah in Rome.
High priests of Ptah
The High Priest of Ptah was sometimes referred to as "The Greatest of the Directors of Craftsmanship" (wr-ḫrp-ḥmwt). This title refers to Ptah as the patron god of the craftsmen.[1]
📷Ramesses II flanked by Ptah and Sekhmet
The office of the High Priest of Ptah was located in Memphis in Lower Egypt. The temple of Ptah in Memphis was dedicated to Ptah, his consort Sekhmet and their son Nefertem.[2]
Link for photo
Temple of Ptah
Summary:
Perhaps the early native Egyptians just had different beliefs as to what Christianity meant to them.
That is maybe why they were not nice to the early missionaries.
Ptolemies selling egypt down the drain:
Now, i will end this article by exploring the native egyptian belief that the Ptolemies were "deliberately" selling Egypt to the Romans.
It is in fact true, that as early as the reign of Ptolemey X, the Ptolemies appeared to have so much affinity to Egypt, that Ptolomy X actually left Egypt to Rome in his will, but this was refused by the nice Romans.
Though, Octavius would eventually dissolve Egypt based upon the huge debt to Roman bankers that had not been paid off.
King of Egypt)
In the process of recruiting this final force, Ptolemy X had taken out a loan from the Roman Republic. It seems that providing collateral for this loan involved producing a will, which left Egypt to the Roman Republic in the event of his death without an heir.[26] The Romans chose not to take advantage of this will after Ptolemy's death, but did not outright reject it, either. The possibility of Roman intervention hung over Ptolemy IX for the rest of his reign and forced him to adopt a highly deferential posture with the Romans.[25]
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Ptolemy X Alexander

submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.25 07:34 HowAboutThatHumanity Demigods and Berserkers: The Bear Warriors and the Scions of Divinity

The frontline that stretches across Central Europe from the eastern portion of France to the grain fields of Ukraine is a hellish place on Earth, for it is a place where the ferocious and rapacious pantheons of Asgard and Olympus wage their eternal war against one another for ultimate control of Europe. While the vast armies of devoted and fanatical warriors are terrifying in their own right, each of the divine empires have their own elite units at their disposal to further decimate the enemy. One of these are the direct offspring of the Gods and mortals, whereas the others are the result of having been filled so fully with the divine rage of the Gods that the human form is unable to sustain it, and changes must be made. The former of these, the Demigods, serve at the behest of their progenitors of Olympus, whereas the Berserkers rage with their fangs and claws in the name of Asgard.
Demigods are the direct scions of the Olympiad, and as such are living symbols of perfection in physical and mental form. Calculating, proud, ruthless, and immensely powerful, these hybrid offspring are raised from birth by their mortal mothers (if they survive their encounter with an Olympian), but are destined to be taken into the service of the Ecumene upon adulthood. They are further distinguished from the other soldiers of the Ecumene by their specialized set of armor, which bares a peculiar resemblance to the porcelain statues which were crafted by the ancient Greeks and Romans, albeit modified to allow for mobility and combat. Despite their physical perfection and martial prowess, there is a hefty price which all Demigods pay as they grow older. The human form is not meant to withstand the indwelling of the divine, and the union of the two results in a limited frame containing the alien mind and energies of gods, which results in conflict within. A recent example of these is a brutal massacre committed by a Demigod in his late thirties which claimed his own wife and children. The individual in question, a scion of Apollo, brutally dismembered his children with his bare hands before doing the same with his wife, and reportedly cannibalized them soon after. Ultimately, the fate of all Demigods is to one day be driven insane by the inner contradictions of their beings, and violent episodes of psychotic rampaged are common until being put down by their divine parents.
The Berserkers of Midgard are another story, however. While not the product of a god and mortal, the feared beast-men are the end result of a human soldier having attracted the attention of the Æsir for long enough. As the eyes of the Allfather and his kin watch, the blood-red rage begins to build within, and soon the mind of the warrior becomes possessed by the divine frenzy which comes with exposure to the ever-watchful eyes of Óðinn. While their Hellenic counterparts are human in form, the Berserkers undergo a horrifying transformation the more foes they fall and the more the frenzy of the gods takes over their minds. Those chosen by the gods for this transformation begin to grow horrible fangs and claws, which is followed by a pelt of rough, brown fur. In the days that follow, the human form is replaced by that of a large bear-like creature, which grows larger and more monstrous the more it kills and devours. To date, the most (in)famous of these is a former Dutch postal worker, who was first seized by the divine frenzy on the Western Front while gouging out the eyes of a Ecumene officer with his thumbs.
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2020.09.24 13:35 SFF_Georgia 🇬🇪☀''Chateau Mukhrani -Muscat'' Drinking good wine with good food in good company is one of life’s most civilized pleasures/ ''Шато Мухрани Мускат'' Пить хорошее вино с хорошей едой в хорошей компании - одно из самых цивилизованных удовольствий в жизни/ (EN,DE,RU)

🇬🇪☀''Chateau Mukhrani -Muscat'' Drinking good wine with good food in good company is one of life’s most civilized pleasures/ ''Шато Мухрани Мускат'' Пить хорошее вино с хорошей едой в хорошей компании - одно из самых цивилизованных удовольствий в жизни/ (EN,DE,RU)

https://preview.redd.it/5bgg834l03p51.jpg?width=1564&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=7a7756a3a9e8afedb16d2769cc94ad3ca58f7457
(EN) 🥂 White dessert wine Muscat is truly a pearl in the collection of wines of the famous Georgian producer Chateau Mukhrani located in the wine region of Kakheti. 🍇This attractive bright aromatic wine is made from the Italian variety Moscato Bianco, the seedlings of which were brought and carefully planted in the vineyards of the estate at the beginning of the 2️⃣0️⃣0️⃣0️⃣s, during the revival of the economy. To obtain a unique taste, a complex preparation technology goes through. ℹ️Grapes for making Muscat-Chateau Mukhrani are harvested only by hand from pre-cut vines, on which only the best grapes remain at the time of harvest. After sorting and soft pressing, the resulting wort is macerated for a long time so that the future wine becomes as aromatic and bright as possible. The fermentation that has begun is stopped according to the traditional method of making dessert wines by adding grape alcohol produced here on the estate. Thanks to this, Muscat Chateau Mukhrani wine achieves a strength of 1️⃣8️⃣% alcohol, which is rare for modern wines, while retaining an amazing Muscat aroma and sweetness. 👉Excerpt wine takes place in oak tanks with seasonal changes in ambient temperature, which makes it stable and fills with a rich taste. The Mukhrani region is rich in its oak forests. The name Mukhrani comes from the root fly, which means oak in Georgian. The history of the Chateau Mukhrani estate dates back to the middle of the 19th century, when a descendant of a noble Georgian dynasty, Prince Ivane Mukhrabatoni, took up winemaking in his family estate Mukhrani. ✅Oily, powerful rounded taste of wine is filled with chocolate and spicy nuances, turning into a long warm, even aftertaste. ✅In a bright varietal aroma, nuances of figs, prunes, intertwining with oak and herbal notes, as well as hints of spices, are clearly traced. Wine: '' Chateau Mukhrani-Muscat '' White-Sweet Grapes: Muscat Region: Kartli-Georgia Manufacturer: Chateau Mukhrani Strength: 1️⃣8️⃣% Volume: 0️⃣, 7️⃣5️⃣l Price from 2️⃣0️⃣💲 (DE)
''Chateau Mukhrani-Muscat'' Guten Wein mit gutem Essen in guter Gesellschaft zu trinken, ist eine der zivilisiertesten Freuden des Lebens. 🥂 Weißer Dessertwein Muscat ist eine echte Perle in der Weinsammlung des berühmten georgischen Produzenten Chateau Mukhrani in der Weinregion Kachetien. 🍇Dieser attraktive helle aromatische Wein wird aus der italienischen Sorte Moscato Bianco hergestellt, deren Sämlinge zu Beginn der 2️⃣0️⃣0️⃣0️⃣s während der Wiederbelebung der Wirtschaft in die Weinberge des Weinguts gebracht und sorgfältig gepflanzt wurden. Um einen einzigartigen Geschmack zu erhalten, wird eine komplexe Zubereitungstechnologie durchlaufen. ℹ️Graphen für die Herstellung von Muscat-Chateau Mukhrani werden nur von Hand aus vorgeschnittenen Reben geerntet, auf denen zum Zeitpunkt der Ernte nur die besten Trauben übrig bleiben. Nach dem Sortieren und sanften Pressen wird die resultierende Würze lange Zeit mazeriert, damit der zukünftige Wein so aromatisch und hell wie möglich wird. Die begonnene Gärung wird nach der traditionellen Methode der Herstellung von Dessertweinen durch Zugabe von Traubenalkohol gestoppt, der hier auf dem Weingut hergestellt wird. Dank dessen erreicht der Muscat Chateau Mukhrani-Wein eine Stärke von 1️⃣8️⃣% Alkohol, was für moderne Weine selten ist, während er ein erstaunliches Muscat-Aroma und eine Süße beibehält. 👉Auszugwein findet in Eichentanks mit saisonalen Änderungen der Umgebungstemperatur statt, wodurch er stabil ist und einen reichen Geschmack aufweist. Die Region Mukhrani ist reich an Eichenwäldern. Der Name Mukhrani stammt von der Wurzelfliege, was auf Georgisch Eiche bedeutet. Die Geschichte des Schlosses Mukhrani reicht bis in die Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts zurück, als ein Nachkomme einer edlen georgischen Dynastie, Prinz Ivane Mukhrabatoni, die Weinherstellung in seinem Familiengut Mukhrani aufnahm. ✅Der ölige, kraftvolle, abgerundete Weingeschmack ist mit Schokolade und würzigen Nuancen gefüllt und verwandelt sich in einen langen, warmen, gleichmäßigen Nachgeschmack. ✅In einem hellen Sortenaroma sind Nuancen von Feigen, Pflaumen, die mit Eichen- und Kräuternoten verflochten sind, sowie Noten von Gewürzen deutlich zu erkennen. Wein: Chateau Mukhrani-Muscat Weiß-Süß Trauben: Muscat Region: Kartli-Georgia Hersteller: Chateau Mukhrani Stärke: 1️⃣8️⃣% Volumen: 0️⃣, 7️⃣5️⃣l Preis ab 2️⃣0️⃣💲
(RU) 🥂Белое десертное вино Мускат по истине является жемчужиной в коллекции-вин известного грузинского производителя Шато Мухрани расположенного в винном регионе Кахетия. 🍇Это притягательное яркое ароматное вино производится из итальянского сорта Москато Бьянко, саженцы которого были привезены и заботливо высажены на виноградниках поместья вначале 2️⃣0️⃣0️⃣0️⃣-х годов, в период возрождения хозяйства. Для получения неповторимого вкуса, проходит сложную технологию приготовления. ℹ️Виноград для изготовления вина Мускат-Шато Мухрани собирается только вручную с предварительно обрезанных лоз, на которых к моменту сбора остаются только лучшие гроздья. После сортировки и мягкого прессования проходит длительная мацерация полученного сусла с тем, чтобы будущее вино стало максимально ароматным и ярким. Начавшееся брожение прекращается по традиционной методике изготовления десертных вин путем добавления виноградного спирта, производимого здесь же, в поместье. Благодаря этому вино МускатШато Мухрани достигает редкой для современных вин крепости в 1️⃣8️⃣% алкоголя, сохраняя поразительную мускатную ароматность и сладость. 👉Выдержка вина проходит в дубовых резервуарах при сезонных изменениях температуры окружающей среды, что делает его стабильным и наполняет богатством вкуса. Регион Мухрани богат своими дубовыми лесами. Название Мухрани происходит от корня муха, который означает на грузинском дуб. История поместья Шато Мухрани берет свое начало в середине XIX века, когда потомок знатной грузинской династии князь Иване Мухрабатони занялся виноделием в своем родовом имении Мухрани. ✅Маслянистый, мощный округлый вкус вина наполнен шоколадными и пряными нюансами, переходящими в длительное теплое ровное послевкусие. ✅В ярком сортовом аромате отчетливо прослеживаются нюансы инжира, чернослива, переплетающиеся с дубовыми и травяными нотами, а также намеками на пряности. Вино : ''Шато Мухрани-Мускат''Белое-Сладкое Bиноград : Мускат Регион: Картли-Грузия Производитель: Шато Мухрани Крепость:1️⃣8️⃣% Объем: 0️⃣,7️⃣5️⃣л Цена-от 2️⃣0️⃣💲
#winetime #Wine #ChateauMukhrani #Kakheti #kartli #Muscat #whitewine #georgianwine #winelandgeorgia #winelover #wineshop #georgia #caucasus #bestwine #alcohol #Grapes #enjoywine #culture #history #foodandwine #richwine #vino #winetasting #winelovers #food #winery #vin #wineoclock #sommelier #vinho
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2020.09.23 13:00 cincbus Introducing: The Danish Royal Family

Royal Family Instagram https://www.instagram.com/detdanskekongehus/?hl=en
Queen Margrethe II (b. 1940)
Margrethe is the Queen of Denmark, the supreme authority of the Church of Denmark, and the Commander-in-Chief of the Danish Defense. She takes no part in party politics and does not express any political opinions. She has the right to vote however chooses not to exercise that privilege.
She became heir presumptive to her father in 1953 when a constitutional amendment allowed women to inherit the throne. When it became clear that Queen Ingrid would have no more children (they had 3 girls), her father capitalized on his popularity to begin the constitutional change in 1947. She became Queen when her father, King Frederick IX, died in 1972. She is the first female monarch of Denmark since Margrethe I (1375-1412).
Interesting Facts:
Lord of the Rings Illustrations
Making animal costumes
An interesting article
Her famous raincoat
Check out the latest official portrait of Margrethe, released 9/21/20, to mark her 80th birthday.
Marriage:
Henrik, Prince Consort (1934-2018)
Born Henri Marie Jean André de Laborde de Monpezat
He met Princess Margrethe, who was studying at the London School of Economics, while working at the French Embassy. They dated for a year before Henrik proposed.
Interesting Facts:
Henrik became the first male consort in Danish history. This meant there were no clear descriptions of his duties and he struggled with this throughout his life. He felt frustration with his lesser title and lack of recognition, and was public with his frustrations that his title put him on the same level as his sons and grandsons.
In 2002, he left Denmark for France after his son, the Crown Prince, was made the host of a reception in the absence of Queen Margrethe. "For many years I have been Denmark's number two," he said. "I've been satisfied with that role, but I don't want to be relegated to number three after so many years." Henrik "fled" Denmark to reflect on his status in the Danish Royal Family. Queen Margrethe flew to France to meet her husband. After three weeks he returned to Denmark.
In 2008, Queen Margrethe conferred the new Danish title “Count of Monpezat” to both of her sons and made it hereditary for their male-line descendants, both male and female, as a nod to her husband.
In 2015, it was announced that Henrik would conclude his official duties on January 1, 2016. In April of 2016, Henrik renounced the title of Prince Consort, and in 2017 publicly announced he refused to be buried next to his wife in Roskilde Cathedral, where Danish royals have been buried since 1559.
"It is no secret that the Prince for many years has been unhappy with his role and the title he has been awarded in the Danish monarchy. This discontent has grown more and more in recent years," the Royal Danish House's director of communications told tabloid BT, in a quote verified and translated by Reuters.
"For the Prince, the decision not to buried beside the Queen is the natural consequence of not having been treated equally to his spouse - by not having the title and role he has desired," the spokesperson told the wire service.
Henrik was diagnosed with dementia in 2017 and died in 2018 after complications from a lung infection.
Though Henrik often struggled with his title as Prince rather than as King, their match was still a love match. In fact, prior to his death, he arranged a tribute to Daisy during his funeral. Read about it here.
Crown Prince Frederik (b. 1968)
Full title: Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat. Danish Kings alternate between being named Frederik and Christian (you'll see his eldest son is named Christian).
Full Name: Frederik André Henrik Christian
Interesting Facts:
See a video of Fred and Mary on a visit to America
There was a recent documentary of Fred titled "My Way". See a trailer here. I can't seem to find a link to the entire thing so someone help a girl out!
Marriage:
Fred met Australian Mary Elizabeth Donaldson at a Sydney bar (Slip Inn) during the 2000 Sydney Olympics. They started a year-long relationship with Frederik making secret trips to Australia, and in 2001 Mary moved to Denmark. They were married in 2004.
Watch their wedding here. Fred notably cried as his wife walked down the aisle
Deep dive into Mary's dress here
From 2018 – Mary gave one of my all-time favorite (emotional!) speeches as a tribute to her husband on his 50th birthday . Watch here
Crown Princess Mary (b. 1972)
Mary was born the youngest of four children to Scottish parents. She grew up primarily in Tasmania and after graduating from college worked in advertising in Melbourne and Sydney.
Interesting Facts
Mary has been open about her “Princess Training”. She has talked about her struggles in interviews to become fluent in Danish, which has a reputation as one of the hardest to learn due to its eclectic-sounding consonants, hard and guttural sounds and plethora of vowels. She had months of intensive lessons to learn the language.
She enrolled in a $1195 course at Starquest Studios in Double Bay, run by style consultant and actor Teresa Page. The training included instructions on how to relate to other people, how to walk into a room, how to socialize, and how to perform in front of the camera.
She reportedly hired hair and make-up artist Soren Hedegaard to help polish her look in the lead up to her royal wedding, and hired Danish stylist Anja Camilla Alajdi to consult on her fashion choices.
Mary also had to be schooled in Danish society, politics, history and language. Per Thornit was tasked with Mary's royal transition through his role as chief-of-court. He was instrumental in her understanding of Danish political life, taking her to meetings with the Prime Minister, key public servants and other important leaders. Thornit was also helpful in preparing Mary for the finer points of being a princess – including how to accept a bouquet in public and when to discreetly pass it on.
Fred and Mary have 4 children:
Prince Christian (b. 2005)
Princess Isabella (b. 2007)
Prince Vincent (b. 2011) *Twins
Princess Josephine (b. 2011 ) *Twins
Prince Joachim (b. 1969)
Has studied economics, and speaks Danish, French, English, and German. Is currently living in France with his family to attend a military educational program at Ecole Militaire. Earlier in June 2020 the Danish Secretary of Defense appointed the Prince to Brigadier General due to his new acquired educational merits at École Militaire. He was subsequently appointed to Military Attaché at the Royal Danish Embassy in Paris, France for the next three years by the Danish Ministry of Defense. The Prince will commence his new position 1 September 2020.
In July of 2020 was admitted to Toulouse Hospital for a blood clot in his brain. He is currently recovering in France.
In a recent interview Princess Marie, his current wife, was asked about their happiness in France. She indicated that the move “was not their choice”.
Joachim is sometimes known for being a party-prince, and his stay in Paris has raised the eyebrows of some Danes. In the French city, he's said to have no royal responsibilities and is still enjoying a handsome wage – believed to be $834,000 a year – from the Amalienborg Palace’s purse.
First Marriage:
Married Alexandra Manley, a Hong Kong-born sales and marketing executive in 1995. The two met at a dinner party in Hong Kong in 1994 and kept their relationship a secret. They divorced in 2005, however by all accounts have an amicable relationship. Alexandra often attends family events with Joachim and his current wife, Marie, and is included in family pictures if her two children are involved.
Alexandra was gifted a tiara for her wedding and got to keep it after her divorce. It’s one of my favorites.
A popular Copenhagen tabloid had this to say about their divorce: 'It appears Joachim had become ... a party prince with a passion for loud music, strong drink and attractive female company,' Ekstra Bladet reported.
They have two children together:
Read their engagement interview
Their wedding
Second Marriage:
Prince Joachim and Princess Marie met while Joachim was still married to his first wife, Countess Alexandra. They were invited to a dinner and, being the only two French-speaking people invited, their host introduced them. Their romance, however, started much later. They were married in 2008. They have two children together.
Watch their engagement interview
Watch a documentary in English where Marie talks about her life in Denmark
It is reported that there could *possibly* be tension between Joachim’s first and second wives. You can see an article/video here and decide for yourself
Alexandra Manley, Countess of Frederiksborg (b. 1964) (1st wife of Joachim)
Alexandra was born in Hong Kong, the eldest of three daughters. She met Joachim at a party in Hong Kong where he was working for a Danish shipping company.
Alexandra became popular with the Danish people. Known for her fashion sense and charity work, she was dubbed the Diana of the North. She is a native English and German speaker (through her father and mother, respectively), and her fluency in German helped her pick up the Danish language quickly. Within a few months she spoke it nearly without accent, which further endeared her to the Danes.
She and Joachim divorced in 2005 however she was allowed to keep her title. She has been remarried and divorced once since.
Princess Marie (b. 1976) (2nd wife of Joachim)
Marie was born in France, the only child of wealthy parents.
A self-sufficient woman, Marie had held jobs in PR and advertising before landing a gig as an executive secretary in ING Numismatic Group SA, where she worked until her engagement to Joachim.
The Dowager Princess of Sayn-Wittenstein-Berleburg, Princess Benedikte of Denmark (b. 1944)
Often represents her elder sister at official or semi-official events. She married Richard, 6th Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and has 3 children. The couple met at the wedding of Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands and Claus von Amsberg the previous year. Benedikte was there representing her father, King Frederik IX of Denmark, and Richard was a close friend of the groom.
She and her two sisters are extremely close. Since her wedding, Princess Benedikte has divided her time between her marital home at Berleburg Castle, Germany, and Denmark, where she keeps residence at Christian VIII’s Palace in the Amalienborg Complex. Her Royal Highness has also acted as Assistant Regent of Denmark in the absence of her sister, the Queen, Crown Prince Frederik and Prince Joachim.
See info from their wedding
The Queen of the Hellenes, Queen Anne-Marie of Greece (b. 1946)
We’ll have a separate thread for the Greek Monarchy so I will keep this description short. Anne-Marie is the youngest daughter of King Frederick of Denmark and sister to the current Queen. She married King Constantine II of Greece in 1964.
The Greek monarchy is now defunct. Queen AM and her family retain their titles out of courtesy and lived primarily in London after the downfall of the monarchy, though they have since moved back to Greece. She often appears at events with her eldest sister, the Queen, in Denmark.
New Year's Eve Ball
One of my favorite events of the year, the Danish Royals host a NYE ball for government officials and parliamentarians.
Take a look from 2020 or deep dive into prior years for a tiara-fest. Evening gowns, tiaras, furs, oh my!
Jewels
See an overview of their tiaras here
Read a previous RoyalGossip thread on their tiaras here
Fashion
Crown Princess Mary is known as a fashion icon around the world. Feel free to post your favorite outfits of hers below. Personal note - I think she KILLS the evening gown game.
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2020.09.22 18:49 StevenStevens43 From Gaul to Galilee

From Gaul to Galilee
Galilee:
Galilee is a region mainly located in Northern Israel.
And is apparently an old Hebrew word.
Galilee
Galilee (Hebrew: הַגָּלִיל‎, HaGalil; Arabic: الجليل‎, romanized: al-Jalīl) is a region mainly located in northern Israel. Galilee traditionally refers to the mountainous part, divided into Upper Galilee (Hebrew: גליל עליון‎, romanized: Galil Elyon) and Lower Galilee (Hebrew: גליל תחתון‎, romanized: Galil Tahton).
Link for photo
Galilee
Hebraios:
Now apparently the word Hebrew comes from the Greek "Hebraios".
Though, ultimately, derived from Genesis 10:21.
Etymology
The modern English word "Hebrew" is derived from Old French Ebrau, via Latin from the Greek Ἑβραῖος (Hebraîos) and Aramaic 'ibrāy, all ultimately derived from Biblical Hebrew Ivri (עברי), one of several names for the Israelite (Jewish and Samaritan) people (Hebrews). It is traditionally understood to be an adjective based on the name of Abraham's ancestor, Eber, mentioned in Genesis 10:21
Jewhetibew Fendy:
Though, common sense alone, may suggest that the word Jew and Hebrew were well and truly evolving as far back as the reign of Princess Jewhetibew Fendy.
Jewhetibew Fendy
Iuhetibu Fendy (also written Jewhetibew Fendy[1]) was an ancient Egyptian princess of the Thirteenth Dynasty.
Link for photo
Interracial marraige marking the beginning of the 13th dynasty
Hyksos:
This marraige is believed to have led to the opening of the door for foreigners in Egypt, resulting in the Hyksos invasion.
Thirteenth dynasty
The Thirteenth Dynasty of ancient Egypt (notated Dynasty XIII) is often combined with Dynasties XI, XII and XIV under the group title Middle Kingdom. Some writers separate it from these dynasties and join it to Dynasties XIV through XVII as part of the Second Intermediate Period. Dynasty XIII lasted from approximately 1803 BC until approximately 1649 BC, i.e. for 154 years.[1]
The 13th Dynasty was a direct continuation of the preceding 12th Dynasty, with its first ruler believed to be a son of Amenemhat IV.[1] Kim Ryholt proposes that the demarcation between the two dynasties reflects the rise of the independent 14th Dynasty in the eastern Delta, an event which, he proposes, occurred during Sobekneferu's reign.[1] As direct heirs to the kings of the 12th Dynasty, pharaohs of the 13th Dynasty reigned from Memphis over Middle and Upper Egypt, all the way to the second cataract to the south. The power of the 13th Dynasty waned progressively over its 150 years of existence and it finally came to an end with the conquest of Memphis by the Hyksos rulers of the 15th Dynasty, c. 1650 BC.[1]
Hyksos invasion:
The Hyksos invasion led to the peoples of the white princess following her in to Egypt. and they caused widespread destruction.
Successors
After allowing discipline at the southern forts to deteriorate, the government eventually withdrew its garrisons and, not long afterward, the forts were reoccupied by the rising Nubian state of Kush. In the north, Lower Egypt was overrun by the Hyksos, a Semitic people from across the Sinai. An independent line of kings created Dynasty XIV that arose in the western Delta during later Dynasty XIII. According to Manetho, into this unstable mix came invaders from the east called the Hyksos who seized Egypt "without striking a blow; and having overpowered the rulers of the land, they then burned our cities ruthlessly, razed to the ground the temples of gods..." Their regime, called Dynasty XV, was claimed to have replaced Dynasties XIII and XIV in most of the country.
Link for photo
Native egyptian
Gauls:
However, although Galilee comes from a word with Greek roots, even though the Greeks got that word from Genesis 10.21, when the Greeks referred to Galilee, they were actually referring to Gauls, from Anatolia, in a slightly different abbreviated form.
And Galatia was the Greek name for Anatolia, dating back to a time when the land south of Galatia was still inhabited by a mostly Arabic population.
Galatia
Galatia (/ɡəˈleɪʃə/; Ancient Greek: Γαλατία, Galatía, "Gaul") was an ancient area in the highlands of central Anatolia, roughly corresponding to the provinces of Ankara and Eskişehir, in modern Turkey. Galatia was named after the Gauls from Thrace (cf. Tylis), who settled here and became its ruling caste in the 3rd century BC, following the Gallic invasion of the Balkans in 279 BC. It has been called the "Gallia" of the East, Roman writers calling its inhabitants Galli (Gauls or Celts).
Link for photo
Galatia
Gaelic:
Now, it goes without saying really, that the language of the Gauls was Gaelic, and Gaul covered a huge territory.
In the West, Gaul included certain northern parts of Italy.
Gaul
Gaul (Latin: Gallia)[1] was a region of Western Europe first described by the Romans.[2] It was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, and parts of Northern Italy, the Netherlands, and Germany, particularly the west bank of the Rhine. It covered an area of 494,000 km2 (191,000 sq mi).[3]
Link for photo
Gaul/Galli
Latin league:
In fact, the Romans got their Latin language from the Gauls, who were evolving in to speaking a more modern Latinised Gaelic version of language, when the Romans conquered the Latin league, and adopted their language, which was still partially Gaelic.
Roman leadership of the league
During the reign of Tarquinius Superbus, the Latins were persuaded to acknowledge the leadership of Rome. The treaty with Rome was renewed, and it was agreed that the troops of the Latins would attend on an appointed day to form a united military force with the troops of Rome. That was done, and Tarquin formed combined units of Roman and Latin troops.[4]
The early Roman Republic formed an alliance with the Latin League in 493 BC. According to Roman tradition, the treaty, the foedus Cassianum,[5] followed a Roman victory over the league in the Battle of Lake Regillus.
Link for photo
Latin league headquarters
Dorian invasion:
And even the Greek language, which plays back words to people, is actually not an ancient language in the scale of things, and they got their language from the Dorian invasion.
There would be a very strong chance that the Dorians were the very same people that were conquering their territory, in both Greece, and Anatolia.
And the Dorians came from the North, pushing south around 1000 BC.
Dorian invasion
The Dorian invasion is a concept devised by historians of Ancient Greece to explain the replacement of pre-classical dialects and traditions in southern Greece by the ones that prevailed in Classical Greece. The latter were named Dorian by the ancient Greek writers, after the Dorians, the historical population that spoke them.
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Dorian invasion
Hittites:
In fact, Westerners in this region can be dated back to the Hittite empire of 1600 BC.
Hittites
The Hittites (/ˈhɪtaɪts/) (Ancient Greek: Χετταίοι, Latin Hetthaei) were an Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Šuppiluliuma I, when it encompassed an area that included most of Anatolia as well as parts of the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia.
Link for photo
Hittite empire
Indo-Aryan:
The Hittite empire was an Aryan empire, centred by the Indo-Aryan coregents of Mitanni, which united Indus valley to Europe.
Though the Indo-Aryan kings of Mitanni ruled a land mostly populated by non indo-european speaking Arabs.
Mitanni
While the Mitanni kings and other members of royalty bore names resembling Indo-Aryan phonology,[4] they used the language of the local people, which was at that time a non-Indo-European language
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Indo Aryan co-regents
Hebrew:
Now, according to Jewish tradition, Hebrew simply means from the otherside of the rivedesert.
There is much speculation as to where the otherside is.
However a clue could come from Abraham.
Wherever the otherside is, the Hebrew language is supposed to have evolved from a descnedant of Abraham named Eber.
Etymology
It is traditionally understood to be an adjective based on the name of Abraham's ancestor, Eber, mentioned in Genesis 10:21. The name is believed to be based on the Semitic root ʕ-b-r (עבר) meaning "beyond", "other side", "across";[19] interpretations of the term "Hebrew" generally render its meaning as roughly "from the other side [of the rivedesert]"—
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Hebrew
Ebraucus:
Now according to Welsh, Scottish and Irish tradition, Ebraucus (Gaelic word) from 1050 BC was a king of Albany.
Ebraucus
Ebraucus (Welsh: Efrawg/Efrog) was a legendary king of the Britons), as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of King Mempricius before he abandoned the family.
York:
He is attributed to having founded Eboracum (York).
Ebraucus
He founded two settlements: Kaerebrauc, the City of Ebraucus (Eboracum), north of the Humber (this later became York, whose Welsh name is Efrog); and Alclud in Albany
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Constantine after conquering Eboracum
Eboracum:
And York was indeed known as Eboracum during pre-roman times.
Eboracum
Eboracum (Latin /ebo'rakum/, English /iːˈbɒrəkəm/ or /ˌiːbɔːˈrɑːkəm/)[1] was a fort and later a city in the Roman province of Britannia. In its prime it was the largest town in northern Britain and a provincial capital. The site remained occupied after the decline of the Western Roman Empire and ultimately evolved into the present-day city York, occupying the same site in North Yorkshire, England.
Link for photo
Skeleton found in stone coffin in York
Harp:
Now, the sea of Galilee is known as "the harp", due to it's shape.
Etymology
The region in turn gave rise to the English name for the "Sea of Galilee" referred to as such in many languages including ancient Arabic. In the Hebrew language, the lake is referred to as Kinneret (Numbers 34:11, etc.), from Hebrew kinnor ('harp', describing its shape);
Link for photo
Harp
Hibernian:
Now it is not impossible that a king in Gaul, could be related to a king in Galilee.
Particularly as Goolish and Hibernian looking peoples are known to have acquired the highest positions of Ancient egypt dating back to 3000 BC.
Mereruka
Mereruka served during the Sixth Dynasty of Egypt as one of Egypt's most powerful officials at a time when the influence of local state noblemen was increasing in wealth and power. Mereruka held numerous titles along with that of Vizier), which made him the most powerful person in Egypt after the king himself.[1]
Link for photo
Mereruka
Eber finn:
Oh, and i almost forgot Eber finn from Irish tradition.
He was a Gaelic Irish high king from 1287 BC.
Eber finn
Éber Finn (modern spelling: Éibhear Fionn), son of Míl Espáine, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland and one of the founders of the Milesian) lineage, to which medieval genealogists traced all the important Gaelic royal lines.
Geoffrey Keating dates his reign to 1287 BC,[3]
Link for photo
High king of Ireland
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 18:48 Hammad369 Question[CK2] How do you convert characters?

So I’m playing as the earliest start date as southern Greece, Flipped to Hellenic and formed the kingdom of Greece, And then I announced my secret religion. But now, Barely half of greece flipped to Hellenic. And my Vassals aren’t Hellenic. And I can’t demand their conversion since I’m unreformed. So what do I do? Some of my vassals have negative opinion of me and there are also many theocracies which I have to deal with.
So basically 2 questions.
How do I convert my vassals and court to Hellenic?
And how do I deal with the theocracies?
submitted by Hammad369 to CrusaderKings [link] [comments]


2020.09.08 11:13 _Vinegar_Voice_ Episode 1

So I started watching the anime 'Neo Yokio' that's based on the Instagram "persona" of Jaden Smith (Will Smith's son). I originally wasn't going to watch this anime, but then I saw a short Conspiracy Theory by UPTV on YouTube about the anime and he pointed some interesting things, so I decided to go check it out myself; I'll be doing an in-depth analysis of each episode on Netflix (there's only 7).
UPTV video about Neo Yokio Conspiracy: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=siPtOW8dpkw
(will edit better later on) (All episode writings will be on this post)
Episode 1: Season 1 - The Sea Beneath 14th St.
1.)The name 'Neo Yokio' is obviously a combination of the 2 cities 'New York' and 'Tokio'. - It's considered the forefront of Fashion (New York - being on of the major fashion capitals of the world) and Finance (Tokio - always years ahead of other countries in technology and because of that they are very wealthy).
2.) *The 'Magistocrats' are called, in their old name, 'Rat Catchers' because they would practice their magic on common rats - REAL magicians, sorcerers, and witches who worked with rats and mice were called 'Myomancers'.
3.) Kaz and all Magistocrats have pink hair, and Kaz has purple eyes: In the original 8 colors of the LGBT flag, Pink stood for 'sexuality' and Purple stood for 'Spirit'; While today Pink represents the diversity of gays and lesbians, while Purple now represents sexual attraction to BOTH sexes (bisexual). Jaden has been seen multiple times wearing pink and having pink hair, while his family has been rumored to be a part of Hollywoods elite inner circle that practices occult magic - spirituality; Purple.
4.) Archrival Arcangelo Corelli, the city's most (number 1) eligible bachelor, basically has the named 'Arch Angel' - like what Lucifer was in Heaven and having what is commonly described as the appearance of Lucifer - blonde, handsomely beautiful, wealthy (in many ways), and the favorite (number 1 of god); Last name 'Corelli' -https://themeaningofthename.com/corelli/ (no name meaning found; Possibly italian). Aracangelo also has, what's said to be, Lucifer's favorite gem colors (emerald) green eyes, and (sapphire) blue suit. - Could be EXACTLY named after Italian violinist Arcangelo Corelli, born in Italy.
5.) In the show there's a girl named 'Hellena' , from a rich family in a high social standing, and she has a fan group of 3 young girls and they call themselves 'Hellenists' and say that 'she is our queen' and 'her blog is our bible'- Hellenism is a REAL religion and the practitioners are called 'Hellenists'. The Hebrews were Jewish Christians who spoke almost exclusively Aramaic, and the Hellenists were also Jewish Christians whose mother tongue was Greek. They were Greek-speaking Jews of the Diaspora, who returned to settle in Jerusalem. To identify them, Luke uses the term Hellenistai. The period of Hellenistic influence, when taken as a whole, constitutes one of the most creative periods in the history of religions. It was a time of spiritual revolution in the Greek and Roman empires, when old cults died or were fundamentally transformed and when new religious movements came into being. Hellenistic practices involve polytheism via the worshiping of the Greek gods, heroes, natural divinities, and underworld deities of Ancient Greece. A primary practice involves exchanging offerings for the gods’ blessings, and a key belief is kharis (grace), which creates reciprocity between humans, gods, and communities Women of high social status were especially treated well in hellenism
6.) An old man sprays his wife's grave with a 'parfum' from Paris, called 'Babylon No.5' - Parfum, not 'perfume', is similar to perfume, but has a higher percentage of fragrant essential oils - Babylon and the number 5: Babylon by definition: (chiefly among Rastafarians) a contemptuous or dismissive term for aspects of a society seen as degenerate or oppressive, especially the police. Babylon as an ancient City: Babylon is the most famous city from ancient Mesopotamia whose ruins lie in modern-day Iraq 59 miles (94 kilometres) southwest of Baghdad. The name is thought to derive from bav-il or bav-ilim which, in the Akkadian language of the time, meant 'Gate of God' or `Gate of the Gods' and `Babylon' coming from Greek. 5 in Spirituality: It means that you have to keep balance between material and spiritual aspects in your life. It is important to live in balance and harmony because it is the only way to reach happiness. If number 5 is your angel number, it means that you must be very independent in your everyday's life. -5 is the number of health, love, and marriage, both between people and, according to the Pythagoreans, the marriage of the Earth with the heavens — the four earthly elements combined with the single spirit element. It’s also associated with the human body, having four limbs and a head, and the five senses. Stable, symmetrical, and diplomatic, 5’s bring about harmony and peace. *Look up paris and Babylon later
7.) While talking to the old man at the grave, Kan tells him to get a more youthful perfume and suggests 'Santal 33' *Santal 33 is a REAL perfume brand * 33 is widely known as the number of the highest degree of the free masons (33rd degree Mason), and is very hard to achieve. * Santal means: a mineral of sandalwood, A member of a Munda people inhabiting parts of northeast India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. - More on the Munda people - read it - https://www.indianmirror.com/tribes/mundatribe.html - Since it's Kan who suggest 33: If you keep seeing 33, it can mean you have a lot of growing up to do, ... that you are awakening your psychic abilities and your spiritual gifts. -- Number 33 is a Master Number (Master Teacher) and resonates with the energies of compassion, blessings, inspiration, honesty, discipline, bravery and courage. Number 33 tells us that 'all things are possible'. 33 is also the number that symbolizes 'guidance'. The Deeper Meaning of Angel Number 33. Angel number 33 is the number of creativity and spiritual illumination -I think Kan represents a form of new age spirituality that tries to pull away from it's more dark and evil roots, while the old man is stuck in the past of ancient babylon; When Kan says he can give him the new perfume the old man rejects in and then ignores Kan as he keeps talking. - The elders of the order don't want to listen to the youth about new age matters
8.) 2nd avenue and 14th street are briefly shown (under water) in the anime (I believe this is 2nd ave and 14th street New York) 2nd Ave & E 14th St New York, NY 10003 - google maps -Many scientists believe New York will be under water by the year 2100 - The episode itself is called 'The sea beneath 14th street-
9.) Kan speaks of vanity in a positive light when a demon tells him that vanity is human weakness. Kan quotes 'Vanity is the healthiest thing in life': Karl Lagerfeld
10.) Hellena mentions the 'Pale Horse that lies beneath your city': 4th horse of the apocalypse -4) disease " I looked and there before me was a pale horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him.". These four are then summed up as follows "They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by the sword (war), famine, and plague and by the wild beasts of the earth". The sword refers to the first 2 horsemen, famine to the 3rd, and plague and beasts of the earth to the 4th
10.) At the end of the episode Kan is playing a game of field hockey and the only numbers shown during his game were his shirt number of 2 and the score board that read 02/02 AKA 222, and then at the end when it showed his shirt again and the score board now saying 03/02 AKA 322 - meaning of 222: https://www.ryanhart.org/angel-number-222-meaning/ -Meaning of 322: 322 is the number of the secret society of Skull and Bones at Yale; Is Jaden going to go to Yale to join skull and bones? The number "322" appears in Skull and Bones' insignia and is widely reported to be significant as the year of Greek orator Demosthenes' death.[17][24][4] A letter between early society members in Yale's archives[25] suggests that 322 is a reference to the year 322 BC and that members measure dates from this year instead of from the common era. In 322 BC, the Lamian War ended with the death of Demosthenes and Athenians were made to dissolve their government and establish a plutocratic system in its stead, whereby only those possessing 2,000 drachmas or more could remain citizens. Documents in the Tomb have purportedly been found dated to "Anno-Demostheni".[26] Members measure time of day according to a clock 5 minutes out of sync with normal time, the latter is called "barbarian time". One legend is that the numbers in the society's emblem ("322" represent "founded in '32, 2nd corps", referring to a first Corps in an unknown German university.
submitted by _Vinegar_Voice_ to Neoyokio [link] [comments]


2020.09.04 15:27 AngelicRanger01 My argument for the application of animal sacrifice for modern paganism.

Hello! I recently decided to write a persuasive essay on the issue of animal sacrifice amongst the modern pagan religious tradition and i wanted to show my support for the introduction of such practices while also debating certain arguments against the practice. This will be apart of a larger series on animal sacrifice that i plant to write to give a people a better understanding of where and why this happens and try to do away with the demonization of it.
Here's my essay:
A divisive and often time argumentative point in the modern pagan religious traditions is the question of animal sacrifice and if it can even be used in today’s paganism. I hope to provide an argument towards the inclusion of this ancient practise in this essay.
To begin with, we should discuss the concept of animal sacrifice, how it has been used in history and the possible origins of the practise. Animal sacrifice, in basics, is the ritualistic slaughter of animals and the division of the remains, either cooked or uncooked, as an offering to the gods or the divine, common animals for this was chickens, pigs, cows and also horses amongst various peoples. The believed origins of animal sacrifice states that the practise was originally connected to a ancient hunter-gatherer cult of hunting, as the transition from hunter-gatherers to animal husbandry and agriculture began the cult expanded into animal sacrifice.
The practise of animal sacrifice can be found on almost every continent in the world and almost every pre-Abrahamic culture, in some cases such as the Christians of the caucuses or Islam, has continued beyond the Christianisation of these often time indigenous peoples and their religious traditions.
My first argument is infact the simplest argument, it is the fact that this religious practise is in fact one of the most central practises to the pagan peoples, often times the practise of animal sacrifice can in fact become synonymous with paganism itself.
An example of such a concept comes from the early Christianisation of the roman people where it was one of the religious laws that Christians were banned from participating pagan ceremonies such as feasts, it is also a common occurrence at these feasts that sacrifice took place. Another law strictly outlawed the practise of animal sacrifice entirely because of how connected the practise was with the traditional religions.
In the Hellenic religious traditions, which is one of the largest religious tradition amongst the modern pagans today, there is in fact an entire story based around the practise. The famous titan Prometheus tricks the king of the gods Zeus into taking fat and bone as a sacrifice worthy to him while humanity took the best parts of animal to eat for themselves. With such a practise as this so integral to the Hellenic pagans as to have its own story, why should it be then that the modern Hellenic traditions ignore this practise all together?
Of course this is not the only tradition that practises animal sacrifice as it is one of the largest practises of religion around the world, evidence of animal sacrifice can be found in the Bardari Culture of Upper Egypt, dating back to before even the Pre-Dynastic period of Egypt.
With such a great wealth of examples and evidence for animal sacrifice it is a wonder that any modern pagan disagrees with it immensely. It shows a deep seeded hypocrisy amongst the pagans as they will only allow the practise that their modern minds feel is right and will not allow such ancient wisdom to shine through.
But why does the modern pagan think this way? If such a philosophical understanding was all but plain to our ancient ancestors why does a people who claim to want to revive their religious traditions and practises seem so against the idea?
I find that the main reason for this in fact the inherent Christian values that have been inherited by the pagans through their modern society and the values and beliefs around them.
I find that most people who hold these beliefs are the modern pagans that can be found in the regions of western Europe, America, and Australia. It is no accident that these regions also have a large protestant or Roman catholic population and that these religions and their values have been heavily ingrained into society and the common man’s beliefs.
The attitude of Protestant and Catholic Christianity has always been no less then savage when it comes to the discussion and understanding of the native religions of the lands they encounter. As such we find that the traditions and values of our ancient ancestors will often time be demonised or at least open heavily to ridicule and misunderstanding, animal sacrifice is no different from this.
With so many pagans coming from regions where this religion makes the basic values of their society it is only natural that some pagans take these ideas to heart and shun all things that are considered foreign to these practises. However, it is a mark of hypocrisy from a people who so often gloat about their ability to stand apart from the Abrahamic faiths to be under the mindset of the very religions they claim to be foreign to.
An argument that may be lodged against such a practise that I hear often is the idea that it is somehow inhumane against the animal, however I find this question in of itself a mark of fallacy and short sightedness. What is more humane than animal sacrifice? Do you find that the slaughterhouses are more humane? Do you find slaughtering them is more humane than animal sacrifice, of which the two practises know little difference from each other?
In the standard animal sacrifice the animal is killed quickly, often by cutting off the head as can be seen in the traditions of the Donyi-Polo religion of Western India. In what way is this any more painful than the standard way of which animals are killed? Can three seconds of painless thought really be as harmful as the fear and terror of a slaughterhouse?
In the end I find this argument is not well thought out nor does it consider how the animal sacrificed in the slightest, I find it is the mark of a weak mind.
Now onto the next argument animal sacrifice which is that it doesn’t hold as much importance in today’s society as it did back when the practise still held some power in the religious understanding of its time. While it is true that an animal is the not the be-all and end-all of the modern man, less he is a farmer, I find that this argument also doesn’t ask an important question, just what is the equivalent sacrifice in the modern day?
They say that it does not hold as much ground but never once has anyone ever asked what does? Is it money that should be offered instead? For that is what the modern man lives and dies by in the current year. But even so, doesn’t China, which has so often sacrificed money to the afterlife also sacrifice living animals in the same breathe?
I find that no replacement for the animal in sacrifice and I do not see the modern pagan community answering this question either, is incense and prayer really an offering that can hold any water to such a powerful thing as an animal? I think not.
Additionally, to all of this, why should the modern pagan traditions of the world be so adverse to animal sacrifice when it is in fact a well-known fact that several modern religious traditions, Abrahamic or not still practise animal sacrifice to this day?
We find that every religious group in the world holds this tradition, for the Jewish people, the Samaritans of Palestine still in fact sacrifice to their god, the Muslims are well known for their sacrifices and in folk traditions of Catholicism the practise has been known to have been practise such as the southern reaches of Mexico and the mountainous Caucus region.
However, the largest group that use this practise is in fact the still living pagan and natively traditional religions of the world such as the Donyi-Polo natives of north western India, the animal sacrifice present in Korean shamanic tradition and Chinese traditional religions of eastern Asia and the continuous animal sacrifice of animals such as chickens in the Mesoamerican region.
Over all I find the concept of animal sacrifice being an archaic hold over from a less intelligent time to be a frail argument born from only Christian superiority complexes and a Eurocentric viewpoint that often times these people seem to be against.
In conclusion I believe I have organised a valid argument for why animal sacrifice is a valid practise that should be allowed to exist within the mindset of the modern pagan movement as it has been one of the corner stones of paganism and even today amongst the various indigenous religions around the world. I hope the reader will have a better understanding of our pagan ancestors and carry out this ancient practise within the modern day.
If you have any other arguments or questions I'll be more than happy to debate you and answer them in the comment section. I hope you all have a wonderful day.
submitted by AngelicRanger01 to polytheism [link] [comments]


2020.09.02 07:30 GladiatorMainOP Hellenism revival

Alright so in CK3 you can convert to Hellenism right but obviously you can’t really because for example if you are the Byzantine ruler it personally would cost around five or take, 120000 piety. And I don’t currently know of any way to cheese that much piety in a short amount of time so I’m just gonna go around this in a methodical manner with the current buffs and debuffs that my ruler has so I could hopefully find a way and show others a way to become Hellenistic.
Base cost: Alright so not really a good start the base piety cost with no discounts or anything would be 9750 and obviously we don’t want that so let’s find a way shall we?
DEBUFFS: Alright so I’m using my Byzantine emperor as an example so if anything is unaccounted for please let me know and bear with me as I adjust it.
First we have “converting from an organized faith to unreformed” (+500% Piety cost), should be pretty easy to get rid of just either convert or start as a unreformed pagan.(This will honestly solve most of our problems, very punishing otherwise). Second, “feudal ruler converting to unreformed faith” (50% extra piety cost)now two things about this one, if you are already feudal and you want to convert there is no way available that you can get rid of it so you will have to just suck it up. Second, for this you will have to start as a tribal to not deal with this. Third we have “converting to a dead religion” (500% extra piety cost). This is the biggest, most punishing one yet because there is no one who is currently alive at either start dates (that I have found and know of) who are Hellenistic so this is something that you can not get rid of. Finally, “converting to a different religious family” (200% extra piety cost). Again, this can be dealt with by just starting off as a unreformed tribalistic pagan. (Most of our problem can be dealt with this way).
DISCOUNTS:
Alright kiddos here’s where things get spicy. “Converting to an existing faith” (35% discount) you automatically get this don’t worry about it. Now if you are a true optimizing genius “Both faiths are pluralist” (25% discount) gotta find a pagan religion with pluralist like idk ALMOST ALL OF THEM, yeah it’s pretty easy to find one. Now gotta save the best for last “learning” sounds simple right? NOPE for every learning point you get you get A WHOOPING 1% DISCOUNT, oh wait your not cheering? Oh well. Basically if you teach your son how to learn really fucking good he will both get piety in a normal basis and discount what it costs (ps you get .1 piety per month for every point aswell). Now for the biggest whammed cablammey, “difference in fervor” (for every percent that Hellenism is higher you get that much discounted)(p.s.p.s. Hellenism and all other faiths automatically trend toward 100 if no one is in the faith)
General recap: With all this information what you need to do is just basically. Start as an unreformed pagan with main pluralist doctrine and preferably high learning (though you can just do that later). Absolutely fucking TANK fervor by declaring as many holy wars as you can, winning then giving the land to godless heathens, granting them independence and warring when the truce is over.This should only be done when there are no more holy wars to be done though. By doing this with a high learning, you should eventually have enough piety and low enough cost where it is actually feasible. I’m gonna edit this when I actually calculate the number values for this.
Actually putting this into practice: Start as the maghyrs or however you spell it in 876. Do as above and try to max out learning and tank fervor through holy wars. With the high learning and doing decisions to boost piety you should eventually get to a point where you have low fervor, yet high learning and piety which should be able to discount it enough to eventually be able to become Hellenistic. Doing this you should be able to take over the required regions beforehand doing holy wars, then take out the byzantines, which should lead you to be able to reform the Roman Empire.
Closing notes:
This is all theory and personal testing so if you find an event or something like that let me know and I’ll edit this to reflect the easiest way.
submitted by GladiatorMainOP to CrusaderKings [link] [comments]


2020.08.26 07:00 NotUsingMyLibraryPC General Discussion + this week's schedule of fights

General Discussion + this week's schedule of fights

Stamp Fairtex

ONE Championship: A New Breed (Friday 8/28)
  • Stamp Fairtex vs. Allycia Hellen Rodrigues (Muay Thai) (Strawweight Championship) (Main Event)
  • Denice Zamboanga vs. Watsyapinya Kaewkhong
  • Wondergirl Fairtex vs. KC Carlos (Muay Thai)
    UFC Fight Night: Smith vs. Rakic (Saturday 8/29)
  • Ji Yeon Kim vs. Alexa Grasso
  • Mallory Martin vs. Hannah Cifers
  • Emily Whitmire vs. Polyana Viana
Submission Underground 17 (Sunday 8/30)
  • Amanda Loewen vs. Gillian Robertson (Grappling)

*All dates are according to North American timezones.
submitted by NotUsingMyLibraryPC to WMMA [link] [comments]


2020.08.23 09:59 JokerFett Would you be interested in multiple start dates in Imperator?

So I know that most players in Paradox games when given the choice go with the default start date; however I think having different start dates in Imperator would work really well. Unlike other PDX games where many nations historically stayed within the same approximate boundaries for the timeframe, the classical era saw some massive swings in geopolitics.
Go back a few decades from the start and we could have Alexander ascending the throne of a far less dominant Macedonia and take on an un-hellenized east. Even further and you can have the golden age of Greek city states with the looming Empire of Persia. Go forward and you can participate in a similarly divided Romanized world with the civil wars of the first century BC. This would be a stretch but I’d love to see the period of late antiquity covered as well with the rise of Christianity and fall of the Western Empire (this would need some more work though to accurately represent the Dominate era political systems so probably unrealistic for a simple start date addition)
Anyway, just some thoughts I had after a late night session of taking over the world, what do you think?
submitted by JokerFett to Imperator [link] [comments]


2020.08.22 01:04 Raging_Tortoise Be At Peace, Son of Hellas

[M] Though Mdavos is experiencing a golden age in-game, I struggle to find the motivation to continue RPing my little Hellenic Union. Between juggling multiple research internships, teaching at debate camps, and preparing for my upcoming exams, I simply have neither the time nor the energy to push forth. My once award-winning wiki has fallen badly out of date, and though I've had my expansion post drafted for a full week, I can hardly bring myself to finish it. War will soon engulf the Mediterranean (the Oracle has foreseen it), and I'd hate to be the one player that fails to participate, despite my claim's warlike culture.
I hope that my declaim will revitalize activity in the Aegean and Mediterranean seas. New, highly sought-after lands can be annexed by the Quvaq, the Harrosi, and the Zo'lith. Egypt can use the influence of the Guild of Scribes to gain a foothold in the north. And Duwaanchatya can finally seize Crete, using it to complete their migration. New players may soon pick up the reigns of Mdavos, and propel Greece to even greater heights than ever before.
The fact that my departure will lead to far greater opportunities for RP than my continued stay is a sure sign that, for the good of HWP, it's high time I declaim. Thank you all for making my return to this subreddit an incredible one. While I won't be reclaiming for a while, it's been truly wonderful to rekindle some of my season 2 friendships, and get to know other players with similar passions for writing and history. For anyone interested in claiming Mdavos, I'll still be on the Discord, so feel free to ping me for information on my claim and its people.
May the light of Inychu guide you all, and may Athmo bring you great glory in battle.
submitted by Raging_Tortoise to HistoricalWorldPowers [link] [comments]


2020.08.20 20:41 Changeling_Wil Greeks are just Baltic people wearing funny hats

Greetings badhistory!
So, long story short I had been discussing hyperborea with a friend. As in 'the classical myth' not the neo-pagan/neo-nazi/neo-fascist insanity.
Afterwards I thought to myself 'I don't actually know that much about how much the ancient Greeks knew about the baltic, I should google it'.
First thing google brings me is a site going on about 'the baltic greeks exposed'. It was wild. Anyway, I think 'oh I could make a badhistory post about this' but now the site doesn't exist/when you try to access it it just wants you to buy the domain.
Thankfully wayback is here to help https://web.archive.org/web/20200305042946/http://siegekultur.biz/the-baltic-greek-expose/
So first things first: They have no footnotes or bibliography. This is a big yikes.
Before I properly start this groundbreaking work off, I should mention that, in order to fully understand it, you should at the very least have a basic understanding of Felice Vinci’s earth shattering book, “The Baltic Origins of Homer’s Epic Tales”.
Now, annoyingly I couldn't find any reviews of this over on jstor so I'm forced to look elsewhere for reviews of the work .http://www.paabo.ca/reviews/BalticHomericVinci.html
But from looking around it seems the work tends to cherry pick and focus on evidence that supports its theory instead of actually judging the evidence and details offered by the source material.
So that's a big yikes there.
Circa 1800 BC, a large group of people from the modern day Baltic Sea, namely the states of Lithuania and Latvia, formed a mighty civilization. While they often fought, their technological advances were amazing. Eventually, the Balts moved southward through the Dnieper river, for reasons unknown. Eventually, they reached the Black Sea and the Aegean sea, forming what would eventually become Greece. They conquered and subjugated the locals, hereafter referred to as ethnic Greeks, and imposed their history on them.
I...is this The Finno-Korean Hyperwar?
I'll admit I'm no scholar of the Baltic in the classical/ancient period but as far as I'm aware, there was no 'grand technologically advanced baltic state' there as much as the Waring baltic tribes with the germanic ones to the west of them? Feel free to correct me.
Also, 1800bc? As in the 18th century BC? Before the Greek Dark Ages and the Dorian invasions? Weird place to put your population movement theory. I'm not sure on the exacts but aren't the Ionians and Aeolians fully moved in by the 16th century BC? Or at least settled there before the Dorians later punt them about.
The stories of the Balts, hereafter referred to as Baltic Greeks, eventually became legend, and the Baltic Greek caste partially forgot their ways, and believed that the stories that had been passed down to them had taken place in the Mediterranean, when they had actually taken place in the Baltic Sea. An author, Homer, eventually wrote these down circa 800 BC, confusing ancient Baltic cities such as Troy for places in the mediterranean, and believing that great Baltic Kings like Agamemnon were Greek. This is where I depart from Felice Vinci. I know that the priest subcaste of the Baltic Greeks never truly forgot their ancestral home. The priests were the last to agree to leave the ancient Baltic land, and their undying dream was to see their new home, Greece, joined in a mighty empire stretching to their ancient home in the Baltics.
Dude. Duuude. Citations. Please.
Like...where are you getting this? At all? You had one (sketchy and not using evidence correctly) book to support your first bit. But where are you getting any evidence for 'they were the last to leave'.
The Baltic Greek priests knew that powerful secrets existed in ancient Hyperborea, which they believed could help them rule the known world. They believed that Hyperborea was located either in the Baltics, or very close by.
I...if they didn't forget their history and used to live there, surely they'd know if it was or wasn't in the baltic?
So, the priests had to bide their time. Decades turned to centuries, and the Baltic Greek priests were still plotting as to how they would regain the Baltics, when a potential puppet came to power in what was now called Macedonia, namely king Amyntas III, in 393 BC. [...]Amyntas III presented a rare opportunity for the Baltic Greek priests: he was a Baltic Greek nationalist, and a strong military leader. [...] they would wait until the time was right, and Amyntas would share the knowledge of the Baltic homeland with his sons. One of them, or one of their descendants, was to retake the Baltics whenever possible.
What can be presented without evidence can be dismissed without evidence.
This being said: No, Amyntas III was not a baltic-greek nationalist. Putting aside the issue of using the term nationalist for classical material...just no. The fuck.
Alexander was taught the Baltic Greek secrets as soon as he could talk, and he made their retaking his life’s goal. However, as Alexander and his father both grew older, they realized their problem: the other Greek states wished to invade Persia, and they would have never supported a seemingly haphazard expedition north, through completely uncharted territory. Alexander, Philip, and the priests were unwilling to tell the other major greek states about the ancient home in the Baltics, if they did, the ancillary Greek states may have attempted to get there first.
'The Greeks wouldn't want to march north if we didn't tell them because they want to invade rich Persia, if we told them they'd ignore persia and march into the frozen north on the off chance the land that clearly wasn't great because we moved from it exists'.
What.
Philip II and Alexander both knew that the earth was round, but were unaware of the circumference of the earth, and they did not know of the large bodies of water and other continents. So, their plan was this: they would form a league, known as the league of Corinth, which was made of many Greek States. They would declare war on the Persian Empire, and defeat them, and would continue with their conquests until they eventually circled around the earth and reached the Baltics.
'People don't want to march far from home into the great unknown. We'll make them march far from home into the great unknown'.
Poison was placed in Alexander’s wine, and he died after 10 days of agony. Alexander’s reported last words were that his empire should go “to the strongest”, but this is not true. His real last words certified that his unborn son should take the throne. The Generals knew that allowing another Baltic Greek from the bloodline of Alexander would be disastrous. So, they themselves took over various parts of Alexander’s empire, knowing that, as seperate states, it’d be harder for the Baltic Greeks to take over all of their land.
If Alexander was poisoned, had fever, drank too much etc is still disputed.
50 years after this, ethnic Greeks in Italy finalized their complete victory over the native Etruscans. They formed a mighty Republic, eventually an empire, that was by and large free of Baltic Greek taint.
I'm sorry when the fuck did Rome become Greek. Rome, the great Latin power. Did this guy just hear that Greeks lived in Magna Gracia and went ham? Are the baltic greeks meant to be the 'proud wise rulers' or an 'evil taint'? Is this fascist doublethink or not? I'm confused.
As you all know, their empire degenerated badly, and eventually a Baltic Greek was allowed to take control of the Roman Empire, a man by the name of Tarasis Kodisa Rousombladadiotes, later to be known as the Emperor Zeno. By this time, almost all Baltic Greeks, who were then and are now about 10% of the total Greek population, knew of the ancient homeland in the Baltics. Under Zeno, the once great empire was Hellenized, and their unspoken goal was to take the Baltics. This was the true goal of what was now called the Byzantine Empire for nearly 1000 years. The Byzantines, however, were constantly rebuffed in their attempts by the heroic efforts of the Bulgarians, Germans, and Persians, among others.
Okay so first off:
Man the Byzantines must have really sucked at reading maps then, huh? Reclaiming north africa, Italy, bits of Spain, fighting off Persians and Turks in Anatolia, trying to keep the bulgarians and Balkans controlled. Not really a path to the baltic.
The only bright spot in Byzantine history, which was full of typical Baltic Greek atrocities and greed, was the Emperor Justinian, the final Ethnic Greek Emperor of Rome. 50 years after the hostile takeover of the Roman Empire by the Baltic Greeks, the Emperor Justinian ceased any foolish attempts to invade the north, instead regaining the Byzantine Empire’s rightful land in the Mediterranean.
...
I'm sorry what? An illyrian who spoke Latin natively is the 'last ethnic greek'?
there was not a single Ethnic Greek crowned Emperor from Justinian’s death in 565, to the final fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453.
I mean... in the sense of 'they're Romans, not Greeks' he's not wrong.
A majorly important event, unbeknownst to the Baltic Greeks at large at the time, occurred in 1230 AD. [...]somehow, this insane priest walked 750 miles north, to Transylvania, which at the time was the home of the heavily Germanic Teutonic Knights.
Andrew II of Hungary expelled them from transylvania in 1225.
He again survived the perilous journey back home, and gave the texts personally to the Byzantine Emperor John III. Emperor John took these texts to his greatest alchemists, but they informed the Emperor that they would take 250 years to decipher.
That's now how translating texts works. That's not how it works at all!
The Empire would not last that long. The Turks from the east slowly but surely took Byzantine land from them, until the Baltic Greeks were left with only the city of Constantinople to call their own.
We just ignoring the Despotate of the Morea here? The one that didn't fall till 1460?
a Baltic Greek defector informed the Ottoman Turkish Emperor Mehmed II of the entire Baltic Greek history, and the maps that were nearly fully deciphered, that would lead to the Byzantines potentially taking over the known world. Mehmed could not allow this, and he decided to attack Constantinople.
Dude, you've made a massive deal about how hard it is to march from Greece to the Baltics. How the hell were the Byzantines going to do that in 1453? With or without maps?
Constantine XI, the final Byzantine emperor, would not allow the loss of the last possible aid for the Baltic Greeks. So, right before the city fell, Constantine left the city under cover of darkness, and fled to a cave, where Baltic Greeks believe he became a Marble Emperor, who will one day, when Greece and the Baltics are under the same Baltic Greek flag, arise and rule the world, providing the needed map to Hyperborea.
That's not how the marble emperor myth works. An angel stole him away and hid him in a cave as a statue till he'll one day return to unite the Greeks.
32 years later, in 1485, Christopher Columbus had an idea. A Baltic Greek himself, the descendant of the still-extant Italian Griko community, he knew that things were desperate. Columbus wished to help his people dominate the world, and he set out to do the only thing he could think of: like Alexander, he would set out to circumnavigate the world, and find a new route to the Baltics. He wished to find a route above Russia, that would lead him straight to the Baltics, which he planned to, at a later date, attempt to capture with a Baltic Greek force.
Man the people in his story really don't know how to go places do they. Does he have the same issue following directions? Does he end up in the bathroom when trying to get to the kitchen?
The Baltic Greeks came to view Columbus as a traitor, and they became stagnant for many years, secretly dominating the culture of other countries such as Italy and Russia, the latter of whom they had spread their Orthodox ‘Religion’ to.
The Rus started to convert to Orthodoxy in the 10th century. Officially. Unofficially it's older.
Also note that we've gone from 'baltic priests keep their old religion alive and it mingles with hellenic' [no shit they're both from indo-european roots] to 'baltic priests made the orthodox church'.
[...]
Sadly, Napoleon was defeated by the crafty tactics of the Baltic Greeks
[Confused British noises]
After 8 long years, the Greek forces had won, and a king was to be chosen. They chose a German, Otto, of House Wittelsbach. Many people then, and to this day, have asked why this was done. It’s obvious when you think about it. If a Baltic Greek was made King, just like the Byzantine emperors many years prior, he would have been obsessed with openly capturing the Baltics, which would have been potentially disastrous to Baltic Greek plans. So, a hapless German Royal was chosen, allowing the Baltic Greeks to operate in the shadows.
...
Honestly I'm expecting them to say that Baltic Greeks are lizardmen.
Otto was related (somewhat) to the Komnenos and Laskaris dynasties via his ancestor John II (John's maternal grandmother's mother's father's mother was Maria Laskarina whose mother was the daughter of Alexios III Angelos whose father was Andronikos Doukas Angelos whose mother was Theodora Komnene who was one of the daughters of Alexios I Komnenos). A Monarchy was decided upon and chosen without the input of Greeks.
[...] side note: similar to jewesses, Baltic Greek girls are trained from birth to use their looks and charms to try and ensnare powerful men in their trap)
Ah, it's a neo-nazi. Gotcha.
The Baltic Greeks also wanted Russia to lose, and they sent their Orthodox Christian lackey Grigori Rasputin to ensure that this would happen.
No conspiracy theory is complete without Rasputin, is it?
The Baltic Greeks would easily be able to dominate Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia, as they are taught all three languages surreptitiously by their parents.
Knowing a language doesn't make you king of places. I'm not the bloody king of England just because my parents and schooling system taught me English. If I ran around saying I can dominate a small bit of France because I know some French, they'd call me a loony. Supreme executive power derives from a mandate from the masses not from linguistic expertise.
The Baltic Greeks were soundly defeated by 1922, and the 1,000,000 Greek interlopers in Turkey were finally kicked out for good.
...are we calling 'ethnic cleansing and population transfers' 'cleaning up interlopers' or am I misunderstanding this?
n the Jewish Communist state known as the Soviet Union
Why do these crazy people always end up being Nazis?
His plan was to make the Soviet Union into a death machine
Why hi there black book of communism.
Hitler knew about the Hyperborean magic that Baltic Greek Stalin wished to harness
Are we in an anime now? Is it magic hitler v technocrat mecha Stalin time? Is Cyborg FDR going to fight tentacle-girl Hirohito? Was WW2 a harem anime with Churchill as the star?
1939 came along, and Mussolini, although he was a great man, made a mistake.
'Great man' is a weird way to spell 'fascist that ended up dangling upside down after being torn to pieces by the people'.
That same year, Stalin invaded all three Baltic States, and the ancient Baltic Satellite state of Finland.
The fins aren't baltic and we're ignoring the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact now?
Hitler’s attack on the Soviet Union seemed bound for success, and he soon took back the Baltics, and appointed Alfred Rosenberg to lead them. But, there was a menace far to the west: Franklin D. Roosevelt, himself a Baltic Greek
...
He sided with the Baltic Greeks Stalin and Roosevelt. Initially, he wished for peace after the German victory in France, but Stalin and Roosevelt blackmailed him with secrets involving his various affairs, and he was forced to stay in the war.
You're confusing Churchill with Halifax.
Enver Hoxha, the Heroic head of Albania, knew about the Baltic Greek menace. He split with the USSR when he found out about it, and afterwards he opposed them at every turn.
This guy is both pro Hoxha and pro-hitler.
I don't get it.
But they are still used. Young Albanian teens use them to make love in, often resulting in pregnancy. Hoxha’s spirit sees this, and smiles at the copulating couples, knowing that his dream is still alive, and that the great Albanian race will continue to exist.
Wait, it was Albanian nationalism all along?
As you may see, the Albanians are possibly the last great hope for us all. Someday, I hope to live there in peace, after my victory against the Baltic Greeks. That day may never come, but it is my dream, my desire, my very essence lives in Albania. [...] I have recently acquired a gorgeous Albanian bride, and she is currently pregnant with my first Albanian Son, who I shall name Adolf Enver. I have acquired multiple shirts with the Albanian flag on them, and I shall wear them exclusively until my last day.
Oh, so he's not even Albanian.
Also 'acquired' by the emperor they're your spouse not a potted plant.
Some of you may ask if my motto is still “88”, for Heil Hitler. The answer is yes and no. To me, 88 is still my motto, but it stands for something else: still H and H, but now it is Hitler and Hoxha.
I...what?
Hitlerism with albanian characteristics? We must secure bunkers for the race to continue?
Baltic Greeks by and large blend in with the average Greek population, yet they are generally less Swarthy. There are two major strains of Baltic Greeks, the Latvian Baltic Greeks, and the Lithuanian Baltic Greeks.
Breaking news! Estonia doesn't real.
Just...what.
Bibliography
submitted by Changeling_Wil to badhistory [link] [comments]


2020.08.16 17:43 SnooWalruses13 SOS with friend marrying the wrong dude

Kind of long read.
My friend Hellen* (23y) is engaged to Bob* (22y) & I hate him & he hates me too but I’m in their wedding. I’ll give you some background to their so far 3 year relationship.
They dated for almost a year when he fell in love with their best friend Eve* & they broke up. Well Hellen then got back together with him & asked him, “if she felt the same way about you then would you be with her instead of me?” & Bob says yes but she still gets back together with him.
&fun fact this girl Eve is now HIS best grooms women.
1.5 years later I meet her & I get to see his red flags. We used to go dancing all the time & she would have to lie about where she’s going or he would be mad at her & fight with her all week or when she told him he would fight with her & make her come home. But one time we all went out to dance with other couples & my boyfriend puts me on top of the place women dance & we have done this many times so I try to grab her & he yells at her “you’re not F*CKING going up there” & proceeds to fight with her because he doesn’t like when guys look at her. (Btw she’s gorgeous)
So he just gives her red flags & they were doing super well during quarantine cause she wasn’t going out & drinking. But then at their engagement party he got plastered & ruined the whole party by pushing her & being a complete dick to her & when I texted her the next day she said “yes I’m still mad but I cannot hold grudges”.
Everyone I know says how wrong he is for her & he always makes her seem like she’s the wrong one. I am in the wedding but I don’t feel right about it. How do I talk to her for her to realize he is horrible for her? How do I tell her I don’t want to be in her wedding because they don’t have my blessing & I don’t want to see her get hurt?
submitted by SnooWalruses13 to relationship_advice [link] [comments]


2020.08.15 19:45 Hammad369 How do I Revive Hellenism?

I am quite a Beginner in CK2, I’ve played some games that went well but what I need to know is How do i reform Hellenism? What start date do I play and what country should I play? And how exactly do I become Hellenic and reform it?
submitted by Hammad369 to CrusaderKings [link] [comments]


2020.08.15 13:46 Inspector_Beyond [MOD] Imperator:Civilization - Civilization themed mod for Imperator

[MOD] Imperator:Civilization - Civilization themed mod for Imperator
For more detailed describtion and screenshots, read it on forum page: FORUM PAGE
Starting map preview: https://forumcontent.paradoxplaza.com/public/596845/1.png
About the project
Imperator:Civilization (I:C or Imp:Civ) is a mod, that is themed on Civilization game series, originally created by Sid Meier.
Mod has civs, leaders and their flags, that historicly locates in area of vanilla Imperator:Rome map with few exceptions, like Russia and Ethiopia led by Haile Selassie. But, the mod is in BETA stage, so, there's always a room for improvements. Starting date and "calendar" are not vanilla 450 AUC, but Year 1 AFC (After Foundation of Civilization), which by my internal lore, that is foundation for some stories, begins with Roman tribal families unite under Trajan's rule.
Start of the game So, you've started the game as one of the civs. Now, you have to colonise provinces, which is much more cheaper and faster, than in vanilla, and fight barbarians, that will give your military a job to do. And in less than 50 years, you and AI will grow from tribes to Kingdoms and colonise that much, there will be no room (at least in Europe) and you have to make alliances, wage wars and manage your conquered lands, or recover from the lost of yours. And in all of that, you will be helped by City-States in any way you want, but beware, AI will take this advantage too.
Religion It would be crime to not talk about religion in this mod. When you start the game, everyone in the world will be of Pantheonic religion, which is a generalisation of polytheistic religions, like Hellenism, Kemetism, African Paganism and etc.
Why Imperator:Rome? This game, despite it's rough launch and it's obvious disadvantages to any other Paradox game, has the potential of a good Empire building strategy, that catched my eye, thanks to all YouTubers, who continued making videos on this game after it's Redemption updates, without you, I would never look at this game.
Why vanilla map? I have no experience in map modding to create world map from scratch. I think this answer would suffice.
Why BETA? This mod has a rough timeline of creation. I began it's development, when 1.2 was still a relevant version, and 1.3 had just few Dev Diaries. So, this mod is behind up to date version, and has few bugs and roughness on edges, that I might not aware of. Also, i must warn, that the updates will be slow, because of personal reasons, that only people, who helped me in modding in any way, know these reasons. But do not worry, this mod WILL still have updates.
How you can help:​
  • Propose some things, that would fit this mod​
  • Promote the mod to any YouTuber you will surely know will at least check it out.​
  • Help with localization to other languages, that are listed for Imperator (German, French, Chinese and etc.)​
To propose your help and post link to videos or streams, post in forums and check the DISCORD SERVER.
Find the mod here
https://preview.redd.it/n3zyc9l9m5h51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=d4ddca99d363a347d98193d13ba455c33a0edf50
submitted by Inspector_Beyond to paradoxplaza [link] [comments]


2020.08.15 13:44 Inspector_Beyond [MOD] Imperator:Civilization - Civilization themed mod

[MOD] Imperator:Civilization - Civilization themed mod
For more detailed describtion and screenshots, read it on forum page: FORUM PAGE
Starting map preview: https://forumcontent.paradoxplaza.com/public/596845/1.png
About the project
Imperator:Civilization (I:C or Imp:Civ) is a mod, that is themed on Civilization game series, originally created by Sid Meier.
Mod has civs, leaders and their flags, that historicly locates in area of vanilla Imperator:Rome map with few exceptions, like Russia and Ethiopia led by Haile Selassie. But, the mod is in BETA stage, so, there's always a room for improvements. Starting date and "calendar" are not vanilla 450 AUC, but Year 1 AFC (After Foundation of Civilization), which by my internal lore, that is foundation for some stories, begins with Roman tribal families unite under Trajan's rule.
Start of the game So, you've started the game as one of the civs. Now, you have to colonise provinces, which is much more cheaper and faster, than in vanilla, and fight barbarians, that will give your military a job to do. And in less than 50 years, you and AI will grow from tribes to Kingdoms and colonise that much, there will be no room (at least in Europe) and you have to make alliances, wage wars and manage your conquered lands, or recover from the lost of yours. And in all of that, you will be helped by City-States in any way you want, but beware, AI will take this advantage too.
Religion It would be crime to not talk about religion in this mod. When you start the game, everyone in the world will be of Pantheonic religion, which is a generalisation of polytheistic religions, like Hellenism, Kemetism, African Paganism and etc.
Why Imperator:Rome? This game, despite it's rough launch and it's obvious disadvantages to any other Paradox game, has the potential of a good Empire building strategy, that catched my eye, thanks to all YouTubers, who continued making videos on this game after it's Redemption updates, without you, I would never look at this game.
Why vanilla map? I have no experience in map modding to create world map from scratch. I think this answer would suffice.
Why BETA? This mod has a rough timeline of creation. I began it's development, when 1.2 was still a relevant version, and 1.3 had just few Dev Diaries. So, this mod is behind up to date version, and has few bugs and roughness on edges, that I might not aware of. Also, i must warn, that the updates will be slow, because of personal reasons, that only people, who helped me in modding in any way, know these reasons. But do not worry, this mod WILL still have updates.
How you can help:​
  • Propose some things, that would fit this mod​
  • Promote the mod to any YouTuber you will surely know will at least check it out.​
  • Help with localization to other languages, that are listed for Imperator (German, French, Chinese and etc.)​
    To propose your help and post link to videos or streams, post in forums and check the DISCORD SERVER.
Find the mod here
https://preview.redd.it/khe8k0nxl5h51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=6a87303f88db472795d99149676a83f29e48522b
submitted by Inspector_Beyond to Imperator [link] [comments]


2020.08.06 03:08 pittfan46 An Expanding Egyptian Trade Network

Raid for Slaves and Wealth

Pharaoh Teti III’s declaration was serious. He soon began planning a brutal campaign to raid the Levant, Nubia, and the Western Desert for slaves.
Nubia in particular would be raided for its wealth in precious metals. Since the Kingdom of Kush was now a rump state, Egyptian bands of horsemen, directed by the Pharaoh plundered the nation with impunity. The Egyptians, along with slaves, plundered cattle, gold, carnelian, ivory, incense, and dates from Nubia. In the north, the Cushite people of the Southern Levant were vulnerable. And many slaves were taken from Egyptian raids on these lands.

The Egyptian Slave Market

In Egypt, the impact was nearly immediate. With an influx of slaves, Egyptian aristocrats and farmers alike, soon had many laborers. But then came the markets that opened, in Memphis, Thebes, and the coastal towns of Damietta and Canopus, the Egyptian Slave Markets opened up. Where raiders would sell their slaves to merchants, farmers, aristocrats, and foreigners.
The slave markets of Egypt became known as being the most diverse market for slaves in the world at the time, having Berbers, Cushites, Semites, Nubians, and even Hellenes that were sold there.

The Trade goods of Egypt

While slaves became lucrative, Egyptian merchants brough many things to other markets. While they were able to easily flood markets with their excess grain, they also brought much gold, carnelian, ivory, incense, dates, linen, papyrus, wine, beer, and finished goods, such as glass and stone objects.

Beyond the Land of Two Rivers

The Pharaoh then received word of even more nations, beyond the kingdoms in Mesopotamia. And sent delegations to these lands.
Stopping in the Nakkor and Ur, the Egyptian diplomats made their way beyond these lands. To the unknown.
submitted by pittfan46 to HistoricalWorldPowers [link] [comments]


EligibleGreeks Review - DatingWise.com - Online Dating Guide